Fact: The full details of the role of the government in controlling violence can be seen in this article:
Gujarat government of the BJP, headed by Narendra Modi was blind to the mushrooming of madrasas in the state. Not only that, the previous government headed by Keshubhai Patel too was equally blind to the same. From India Today we know that it was because of fear of harming the BJP’s newly discovered ‘secular’ image that the party did nothing to control the madrasas.
The government deployed the entire police force of 70,000 on February 27 itself. (See report of The Hindustan Times dated 28 February 2002). The Gujarat government ordered preventive arrests of as many as 827 people on February 27 itself. Shoot-at-sight orders were given in Godhra on February 27. Such orders were also given at many other places after February 27. The Rapid Action Force was deployed in Gujarat on February 27 itself (See The Indian Express dated 28thFebruary 2002). 98 people were killed in police firing in the first three days.
After 3rd March 2002, the riots were mostly all instigated and started by the Muslims and they were limited only to Ahmedabad, Vadodara and some places near Godhra in Panchmahal district.
The riots were brought under control in 72 hours. Far from the BJP being in any way involved in the riots, the political rivals of Narendra Modi instigated all the riots in the state after 21stApril 2002 so as to target Narendra Modi in their Modi-hatao campaign. The Rajya Sabha debated on Gujarat on 6 May 2002. The NDA allies’ votes were also going to count. To get NDA allies to vote against the Modi government, the Congress wanted to keep the riots going on in Gujarat. It also hoped for a collapse of the NDA, with allies quitting coalition because of the riots. We will see this in detail later.
Riots in the first three days were all the result of Godhra. But Godhra itself was the brain of local Muslim Congress leaders. The Indian Express of March 5 2002 reported on Godhra that Congress leaders are accused in Godhra:
1- Mehmud Hussain Kalota, convenor of the Congress district minority cell and president of the Godhra municipality.
2-Salim Abdul Ghaffar Sheikh, president of the Panchmahal Youth Congress.
3-Abdul Rehman Abdul Majid Ghantia, a known Congress worker.
4-Faroukh Bhana, secretary of the district Congress committee.
5- Haji Bilal, a known Congress worker.
It can be alleged that the brain behind Godhra carnage was none other than Sonia Gandhi herself- who ordered her partymen in Godhra to roast karsewaks in Godhra to create riots in a BJP-ruled state. Of course, this is not true, but if the political rivals accused the Gujarat Chief Minister of being culpable in the riots without any evidence, then why would anyone be surprised if the BJP or other Congress opponents accuse her of the same.
When 31 people were convicted for Godhra roasting, 2 Congress men were given LIFE IMPRISONMENT and 1 was given DEATH penalty out of the above 5. Abdul Rehman Abdul Majid Ghantia and Farroukh Bhana have got life imprisonment and Haji Bilal has got death penalty – 3 out of these 5.
Riots were caused after Godhra by the media and the Congress’ inflammatory response to Godhra.Gujarat Congress chief and former Gujarat Chief Minister (the late) Amarsinh Chaudhary justified Godhra on some sort of provocations, i.e. the karsevaks not paying for tea and snacks at the Godhra railway platform which was a figment of his imagination.
The TV channels reported biased and one-sided on the post-Godhra riots, causing tremendous anguish among the masses, causing more and more violence. Their reporting was inflammatory not only after Godhra, but also after post-Godhra. Far from blaming the BJP or the Gujarat government for the riots, the TV channels and the English media should themselves take responsibility for the riots. (An article on some facts about the media can be read here “NDTV is CPM Today“. And another article which is worth reading is “The channels strategy of attacks”. Note that these articles are purely the view of the blogger and not of Gujaratriots.com )
The Gujarat police saved as many as 2,500 Muslims in Sanjeli, a town in North Gujarat, 5,000 Muslims in Bodeli, in Vadodara and about 10,000 Muslims in Viramgam. A total of about 24,000 Muslims were saved in the first three days alone. Police officials themselves suffered injuries in trying to save the Muslims, as reported by the weekly India Today.
To see this story- click on the link-
On February 28 (Thursday), the police shot dead 10 Hindus in Ahmedabad alone. The leading most English daily from South India, and an extremely anti-Hindu newspaper, ‘The Hindu’ reported this on 1st March 2002.On 1st March (Friday) at least 20 were shot dead by the police in the state, including 12 in Ahmedabad. On 2nd March (Saturday) police firing resulted in 47 deaths as reported by The Hindu the next day-i.e. 3rd March 2002. The Indian Express dated 3rd March reported that 77 people were killed in Police/Army firing on 2nd March 2002.
On February 28, The Hindu reported that shoot-at-sight orders had been given by the state government in Godhra, on February 27 and curfew was clamped. Even before a single riot had occurred, the state government had given shoot-at-sight orders.
See the link-
Thus, in brief, it can be seen that the Gujarat government handled the riots extremely efficiently. The steps taken to control the violence were:
1-The Indian Express and Mid Day dated 28th February 2002 reported that the State Government had deployed the Rapid Action Force in Ahmedabad and other sensitive areas and the Centre sent in CRPF personnel-on February 27 itself even before a single riot had taken place.
2- The Hindu and all other English dailies reported in their issues dated 28th February 2002 that “Shoot-at-sight” orders had been given in Godhra on February 27 itself and curfew has been placed there too.
3-The Hindustan Times reported in its issue dated 28 February 2002 that the entire police force of 70,000 was deployed in Gujarat on 27 February itself-after the shocking massacre in Godhra-in view of apprehensions that riots might break out. This was also reported by The Telegraph (UK).
4-827 preventive arrests were made on the evening of February 27 itself-on Chief Minister Narendra Modi’s orders-on his return to Ahmedabad from Godhra. India Today weekly dated 18 March 2002 reports that preventive arrests were made on 27 February itself- but does not give the exact number. The exact number is available from police records.
5-On February 28 -despite the deployment of the entire police force, the CRPF personnel and the Rapid Action Force-the situation slipped out of control-according to The Hindu dated 1st March 2002.
6-Despite the fact that the situation slipped out of control-the mob sizes were unprecedented-and the police were overwhelmingly outnumbered-the police did its best. The police fired more than 1,000 rounds on the first day of the riots-i.e. February 28- 600 of them in Ahmedabad.
7-The Hindu reported in its issue dated 1st March 2002-that atleast 10 persons were believed to have been killed in police firing in Ahmedabad alone by evening of February 28. 5 Hindus were shot dead outside Ehsan Jafri’s house on Feb 28-according to India Today weekly-dated 18 March 2002.
8-Curfew was clamped in Godhra on 27 February itself-as reported by The Hindu dated 28 February 2002.
9-An indefinite curfew was clamped in 26 cities and towns in the State, including parts of Ahmedabad, Surat, Baroda, Rajkot, Nadiad, Anand and Kaira on February 28 in addition to the indefinite curfew in force in Godhra since February 27-according to The Hindu dated 1st March 2002- and all other newspapers too.
10- The Chief Minister, Narendra Modi, frantically called the Army units to Ahmedabad on February 28-as reported by The Hindu dated 1st March 2002.
11-The Indian Express and The Hindu both reported that Army units started arriving in Ahmedabad on the night of February 28-in their issues the next day-i.e. 1st March 2002. This shows that the Army units reached Ahmedabad so quickly-that the newspapers had the time to report their arrival on February 28 itself and publish it on 1st March!
12-The Army staged a flag march in Ahmedabad on 1st March 2002 at 11:30 AM-as reported by weekly India Today in its issue dated 18th March 2002. The Hindu and The Indian Express and all major dailies also reported that the Army staged flag marches in Ahmedabad-and also Vadodara on 1st March 2002.
13-The Army began flag marches in the worst-affected areas of Ahmedabad, Baroda, Rajkot and Godhra cities and the `shoot at sight’ order was extended to all 34 curfew-bound cities and towns in Gujarat on 1st March 2002 as per The Hindu dated 2nd March 2002.
14-The Gujarat police fired a total of around 4,000 rounds in the first three days alone. This despite the presence of the Army for 2 out of the 3 days.
15-The Gujarat police shot dead 98 people in the first three days majority of whom are Hindus.
16-The Hindu reported in its issue dated 4th March 2002-that only 2 deaths were reported on 3rd March in the entire state-and the violence has ended on 3rd March 2002. Thus-the Gujarat government managed to control the situation in 3 days even after the shocking massacre in Godhra- while it took previous Congress governments 6 months to stop the riots in 1969 and 1985-even without any cause as Godhra.
The links for the above reports can be obtained from “Myth 4: The Gujarat Police turned a blind eye to the rioting”
As for the political rivals’ hand in organizing riots in Gujarat, it is worth seeing the report of rediff.com on 22nd April 2002:
The website www.rediff.com reported on 22nd April 2002-
“Gujarat home minister sees plot to break NDA
Sheela Bhatt in Mumbai
Gujarat Minister of State for Home Gordhan Zadaphia has blamed the Congress for the fresh spurt in violence in the state on Sunday, which cost 21 people their lives, saying the opposition party was trying desperately to break the National Democratic Alliance government at the Centre.
“Yesterday’s riots in Ahmedabad’s Gomtipur and Rakhiyal area were planned,” Zadaphia told rediff.com “The Congress and the minority community do not want peace. The Congress wants to break the NDA alliance in Delhi by fuelling riots in Gujarat. Political parties in India are in the race for appeasing the minorities. They will not say a word against the Jama Masjid imam’s speech yesterday, where he incited Muslims to break India.”
According to Zadaphia, the Congress plan is “to continue the rioting, raise the issue in Parliament, force the NDA partners to raise their voices and, in turn, force the Modi government to resign”.
Corporators like Badruddin Sheikh and Taufik Pathan and their sons were leading the crowd, he alleged. “The crowd wanted to attack the colonies and kill as many as they can,” he said. “It was a serious attack. The railway tracks were full of people with bombs and weapons in their hands.”
Asked about six Muslims being shot by the police at point-blank range, he retorted, “What do you expect the police to do when Amar Patil, my constable, was stabbed to death just outside the masjid? At another place six SRP [State Reserve Police] men were injured when the minority crowd attacked them? Do you have any idea of the impact on the morale of the police?”
Zadaphia claimed that Pathan and Sheikh were bent upon disrupting the current high school exams. “They are harassing Muslim students,” he said. “In relief camps and Muslim areas they have announced on loudspeakers that Muslim students shall give college exams, but not the 10th and 12th standard exams.”
The minister said the ‘disruptive elements’ were upset because 98 per cent of students have appeared in the exams. “Their supporters are forcing students to get down from buses provided by the government,” he claimed. “They are tearing away the entry receipts of the students. What does this mean?”
Zadaphia promised that he would arrest the people who were inciting communal tensions to disrupt the exams. “We will break the 50-year-old negative psyche of such people,” he said.
Naresh Rawal, leader of the Congress in the assembly, dismissed the minister’s allegations. “The NDA will be dismantled soon for other reasons,” he told rediff.com “These are bogus allegations. Modi is failing to maintain law and order. He is the number one villain in India today. People’s perception is that Modi connived with the rioters. He should go. Let the BJP get a new CM and stop making such baseless allegations.”
Doesn’t this report give an indication of the situation prevailing in Gujarat at that time? Even The Hindu reported that 5 leaders of the Congress were instigating Muslims to boycott the exams- along with the radical Muslim organization- Tableeghi Jamaat.
Also the Justice Tewatia Committee report says that Narendra Modi’s charge that the Congress is instigating violence may well be true.
The link for this is-
For a complete and comprehensive report of the steps taken by the Gujarat Government in controlling- see this link: