At times it is necessary to look into the past to understand any event fully. The same is true for the Gujarat riots. The state undoubtedly saw riots after Godhra in which about 1,000 people were killed. Had the same number of people been killed in communal riots in, say, Nagpur city of Maharashtra, it would indeed have been considered as ‘large-scale riots’. This is because, Nagpur region is a region which has hardly seen any communal riots since 1927. But since the riots took place in Gujarat, the events have to be viewed in totality, in view of Gujarat’s history of communal violence.
If one looks at the past history of communal riots in Gujarat, one would understand that the Gujarat riots of March 2002 were absolutely nothing as compared to the past communal riots in the state. The state saw far worse riots in 1969 and 1985. It also saw riots of a larger scale in 1980, 1982, 1990-1991- 1992.
Hindu-Muslim conflicts have been going on for the past 1300-1400 years. But in Gujarat, communal riots between Hindus and Muslims have been going on since as far back as AD 1714, i.e. since the medieval times. This was hundreds of years before the birth of any of the organizations of the Sangh Parivar. The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) was founded in 1925, the Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded in 1952, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) in 1964, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980. Even today, conflicts continue between Muslims and Hindus in India, Muslims and Buddhists in China, Muslims and Christians in Nigeria, in Algeria, in Philippines, in Morocco, in Chechnya etc. It is not the VHP or the Sangh Parivar that is common in all these places.
Hindus and Muslims have clashed in battles, wars and riots since as far back as AD 636 when Arabs invaded Thane (near Mumbai) and were repulsed. This attacks on India started in 636 AD within 14 years of establishment of Islam in AD 622 (beginning of Hijra, first people to become Muslim converted in AD 610, Khadija) and within 4 years of Muhammad’s death in AD 632-the Prophet of Islam. Even before AD 712, the battles were taking place in western kingdoms of India. In AD 712, Mohammad-bin-Qasim invaded Sindh and defeated its king, Raja Dahir. Even before this event, ever since the Muslims attacked Thane in 636 AD, they kept attacking western Indian kingdoms. A brief summary of this is given in the book (“Gujarat Riots: The True Story”) but is not available on this site. For just a brief and cursory (very very brief, and very very cursory) history of Islam in India, see this.
The great revolutionary and freedom fighter, Swatantryaveer Savarkar wrote in his book, ‘Saha Soneri Pane’ (Six golden pages of Indian history) that the Hindus kept on defeating and repulsing invading Muslims at India’s western borders for as many as 300 years at a stretch, i.e. from 712 AD to 1001 AD, when Mahmud of Ghazni invaded India.
Riots are nothing new to India. For the past 125 years, since about 1880 riots have frequently occurred in all parts of India. But among all the Indian states, Gujarat was by far the most communally sensitive state.
If we take the history of Ahmedabad for last five centuries, the city was ruled by the Muslims and the Mughals for about 340 years the rest by Marathas & the British. Coming to the incidents of communal riots during this era of five centuries, the major incidences are:
(1) The 1714 Holi riots:
A Hindu named Hari Ram while celebrating Holi with his friends at his residence unintentionally sprinkled ‘Gulal’ a red powder on one Muslim, and the casual frolic was strongly protested by the Muslims. A mob got assembled near Jumma Masjid under the leadership of Sunni Bohra Mullah Abdul Aziz. The Afghan soldiers of the Muslim viceroy also joined the mob seeing the situation. A Kazi interfered for cooling down the angry mob. But the mob set on fire the house of this Kazi. The rioters thereafter looted the shops of Hindu Mohalla, Shops and set their houses to fire. The rioters could be controlled only by armed guards of a Hindu, Kapurchand Bhanshali.
(2) The 1715 communal riot:
The 1715 communal riots were due to looting of shops of the Hindus by the Muslim soldiers. The riot came to an end with replacement of Muslim viceroy Daudkhan.
(3) The 1716 Id riots:
Consequently during the third year also, communal disturbances broke out during Id in 1716.
The Bohra community, a Muslim sect, gathered cows and buffaloes for Id celebration. A Muslim Havaldar just out of pity released one of such gathered cows. The Muslim protested before the Kazi Khairullakhan seeing no outcome to their expectation, the Muslims resorted to riots arson and mass looting of Hindu establishments. The situation could come to normalcy with Hindu viceroy Ajitsinh’s concerted efforts.
(4) The 1750 temple demolition:
The 1750 riots by Muslims were provoked simply with an excuse that their Namaz was being disturbed due to noise of ringing of bell in an adjoining temple. The Muslims while returning from the Masjid after Namaz totally destroyed the temple and thus wounded the Hindu sentiments.
(5) The September 1927 Ahmedabad riots:
Muslim prayer in a mosque and Hindu song in a temple were the apparent cause of conflict.
(6) The 1941 riots:
Communal disturbances broke out on 18th April 1941. The Muslims diverted to Muslim League programmes after the incidence of these riots.
(7) The 1946 Rath Yatra riots:
1st July 1946 was a Rath Yatra day. Rath Yatra as usual was passing through Shaher Kotda police station area, on this auspicious day. There took a hot exchange between a Hindu Akhada man and a Muslim watching the procession. The incidence turned into breaking out of communal violence, viz. arson, cudgelling, stone throwing, stabbing etc. There was also a police firing and curfew was finally imposed to control the situation.
(8) The 1953 Ahmedabad riots:
The Ganapati festival and Moharram were the occasions of riots in the city of Ahmedabad
(9) The 1965 Sikh incidence:
The 1965 riots were resulted out of the murder of two Sikh rickshaw drivers by some Muslims. The aggrieved Sikhs took out funeral procession of both these dead bodies. The situation got disturbed at Delhi Darwaja and got converted into a communal riot soon.
(10) The 1969 historic communal riots:
It was 18th September 1969, the last day of Urs. The violence crept up in the evening time on the ground that Jagannath Mandir cows going back to temple premises disturbed the Urs. It may be mentioned that movement of cows was a daily routine irrespective of Urs celebration taking place simultaneously. A hot discussion took place that provoked communal tension with a series of violent incidences killing, linking, and soon in various parts of the city.
The riots of 1969 were biggest of its type in Independent India having taken lives of thousands of persons.
(Source: VSK, Gujarat)
Among others were the 1985 bloody riots in Gujarat, the 1980, 1982 riots in Ahmedabad and Godhra, the 1990 and 1992 riots.
What follows is a write up by Hemant Babu published in Himal magazine dated 6 July 2003 reproduced by www.countercurrents.org :
… “A sign of this normalcy is the number of incidents of communal violence in the state as recorded officially. Judicial commissions of inquiry, the Justice Reddy Commission and the Justice VS Dave Commission, were instituted after two major riots, of 1969 and 1985 respectively. Both commissions referred in some detail to Gujarat’s history of communal violence. The Justice Dave Commission traced the history of communal violence in Ahmedabad as far back as 1714 when a bloody riot was sparked off during the Holi celebrations. The city then was still under Mughal control. Subsequent riots broke out in 1715, 1716 and 1750…
Hindu-Muslim violence continued in the centuries that followed, with the pace and intensity picking up in the second half of the twentieth century. When communal riots broke out in 1941, curfew had to be imposed for over two-and-a-half months. The Justice Reddy Commission identified as many as 2938 instances of communal violence in the state between 1960 and 1969, that is, an average of approximately three riots every four days during this ten-year period…
During this period, riots began to spread over a much wider geographical area of the sate, affecting towns like Veraval, Junagadh, Patan, Godhra, Palanpur, Anjar, Dalkhania, Kodinar and Deesa, all of which have been hit by the ongoing violence.
… But violence of a different, more systematic and sustained order was inaugurated in 1969. The Hindu-Muslim riots of that year mark a major break with the hitherto prevalent pattern of steady if unspectacular social conflict. More than two years of hectic Muslim and Hindu fundamentalist activity preceded the outbreak of these riots. Communal violence in the state acquired a more organised form against the backdrop of the India-Pakistan war of 1965.
… A riot of this magnitude, unprecedented in both scale and duration, had a foundational significance for the politics of the state and the techniques of mobilisation and orchestration that increasingly came into use. The discrete and scattered violence of the preceding period can be presumed to be manifestations of everyday class, caste and community struggles arising from socio-economic conflicts of a more or less local nature. To that extent, their individual histories and repercussions were confined to the respective localities of incidence. The 1969 riots had the critical mass that lent it state- and nation-wide visibility and gave it a prominent place in the historical inventory of community grievances. This riot could now be invoked at will, not just in Gujarat but wherever else tension had to be engineered. In effect, this was the first explicit politicisation of both communalism and public violence in the state.
Most importantly, the riots of 1969 took Gujarati society past the psychological threshold of normally tolerable public violence, and this not just of the communal variety. Once the barrier to the use of violence in inter-party conflicts was crossed, its repeated use acquired a tacit legitimacy as the social conscience became gradually more immune to the incremental doses of it that the polity administered
… The BJP’s active influence on the 1985 agitation explains many of its more curious features. The riots began on 19 March, the day after the newly elected Congress government assumed office, and was directed against a policy measure declared more than two months prior. In January, the Congress government had announced an increase in the quota of jobs in government and seats in public educational institutions reserved for backward castes. The riots lasted six months, much after the policy had been revoked by the government. … South Gujarat, which had previously been unaffected, now found itself on the riot map of the state. The social base of the violence expanded to include gangsters, bootleggers and professional killers. Various reports of the period quote doctors who described the stab wounds they attended to as the work of trained hands. The agitation finally degenerated to a point where sections of the state constabulary abandoned their uniforms and relinquished their responsibilities to join the riots.
…Gujarat again witnessed riots in 1992 when the disputed Babri Masjid at Ayodhya was razed to the ground a few hours after kar sevaks stormed the monument. Surat experienced intermittent disturbances over a six-month period. In 1993, more riots followed, after the blasts in Bombay, allegedly masterminded by the Muslim underworld. Perhaps these riots were attempts at forging a Hindu unity that, on the face of it, seemed impossible. Whatever the intention, there is no denying that the rath yatra precipitated a political crisis in which the existing intra- and inter-party equations began to break down. And, there is no getting away from the fact that, though not uniformly successful across India, the BJP from the 1991 general elections has secured more than 50 percent of the votes cast in the state. Remarkably, for three years following its assumption of office in Gujarat in 1995, the state was free from communal riots. The BJP was clearly living up to its boast of ensuring a riot-free administration, prompting critics to cite this as proof of the party’s monopoly of organised public violence. At any rate, this peaceful interim was part of the established pattern of violence erupting and subsiding according to the clearly discernable designs of politics. The inference, therefore, that violence had become a crucial raw material of electoral politics controlled by a cartel is unavoidable…”
A staunch anti-BJP man wrote this article. The website that reproduced it; www.countercurrents.org is one of the most anti-BJP ones on the entire Internet. Yet, even in its horribly anti-Sangh Parivar article, the writer discloses some very important things. And one of them is Gujarat’s bloody history of communal violence.
We already have seen the bloody history of Godhra town of engineering riots since 1927-28. The following is the report of the Vishwa Sanwad Kendra on the comparisons between the 1969, 1985 and the 2002 riots:
“Comparative analysis of Government response to communal riots during 1969, 1985 and 2002
The communal tension in the state of Gujarat is not an unknown phenomenon. Prior to the present situation, all communal disturbances before Godhra incident, two major communal incidents took place in 1969 and 1985. To inquire into the factors leading to the communal violence in 1969 and 1985, the State Government appointed Judicial Commission to thoroughly inquire into all the aspects leading to communal violence and the response of the state Administration. Both the Commissions have come to specific conclusions and while coming to the conclusion they have come to specific conclusions and while coming to the conclusion they have also made specific observations.
On September 18, 1969, a major communal riot broke out in AhmedabadCity and subsequently spread in the other districts of the State. The incident which sparked the communal violence took place on 18th September 1969 at 3.45 pm in Ahmedabad near LordJagannathTemple. Hon. Justice Jagmohan Reddy inquired into the violence which broke out during the said communal disturbances. After 1969, a major agitation and communal riots broke out in 1985. Justice Dave Commission inquired into the incidents which took place during the course of anti-reservation agitation and also communal disturbances during February 1985 to July 1985.
The response of the State Government in the earlier incidents and the recent incident brings to the fore certain important facts which are as under:
In 1969, the incident of violence reported on 18th September at 3.45 pm. The army was pressed into service on 21st September 1969 at 16.30 pm in limited areas (three Police Station only) while army was deployed in the entire city on 22nd September 1969 at 18.00 hrs. In 1985, the riot broke out on 15/4/85 and the army was requisitioned on 16/4/85. By then, 177 deaths had already been reported. Compared to this, the army was requisitioned on the same day, i.e. on 28th February itself. It is very relevant to note that unlike the earlier occasions, army at this point of time is deployed on the border. Therefore, the deployment of army was difficult at a short notice. However, Hon. Chief Minister impressed upon the Hon. Prime Minister and the Defence Minister to deploy the army forthwith in view of the prevailing condition in the State. The Central Government also reacted very fast and army was airlifted to Ahmedabad the same night. The army was in action from next day of the incident, having completed all the formalities of nominating Executive Magistrates, allocation of vehicles etc.
The incident in 1969 occurred on 18th September 1969 but the situation was out of control, even on the 5th and 6th day. The violation incidents continued to be reported even after the 6th day. The disturbances in 1985 were spread over a period of five months from February 1985 to July 1985. However, in the present case, the situation has been brought under control within three to four days only.
In the present case, the curfew was clamped within four hours in Godhra on the same day. Compared to this, there was delay in ordering curfew in the earlier incidents. The grievance for such delay was reported before the Enquiry Commission.
The complaint about inaction from the Police authorities and the local administration were made before the Inquiry Commission. In the present case in Gujarat, the Law and Order Enforcing Authority has taken a proactive stand to curb the violence effectively. Police Authorities have fired more than 3900 rounds, they have used more than 6500 rounds of tear gas and arrested more than 2800 people. One should also take a note of the fact that 90 people have been killed in police firing which shows that police showed no lenient approach towards elements spreading violence, arson and looting. It is also very pertinent to note that the geographical areas under grip of such untoward incident was much larger in 2002, compared to the earlier incidents of 1969 and 1985.
The above facts clearly show that the Government had reacted to the situation very quickly, effectively and also with strong political will.”
(Source: VSK, Gujarat www.vskgujarat.com)
NDTV-Star News had broadcast a programme ‘The Big Fight’ live from Ahmedabad in December 2002, a week or so before the Gujarat Assembly elections. The participants were Harin Pathak of the BJP (BJP MP from Ahmedabad) and Shankersinh Vaghela of the Congress, and a victim of the Gujarat riots, Bandukwala. In that debate quoting an article from ‘The Hindustan Times’ of 1969, Harin Pathak said that the official death toll in the 1969 riots was around 5000, but it was actually three to five times the number. At that time, the Congress was in power with the great Gandhian Hitendra Desai as the Chief Minister. The actual number of people killed in 1969 thus ranges from 15,000 to 25,000. Contrast this with the 2002 riots with 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus and a total of 223 people missing, as per figures given a Congress Union Minister!
The following is a write-up by Devendra Swarup in weekly Organiser dated 16 May 2004:
“ Use of Mahatma Gandhi’s name and views certainly makes it emotional but does not seem in accordance with history. Perhaps, the respected judges ignored the fact that Gujarat has a long history of communal violence. During Gandhi’s life itself Gujarat had burnt in such violence. His pain at the 1924 riots of Ahmedabad is visible in his complete works; since Independence sparks of violence have been spreading in the Muslim-dominated areas of Godhra and Ahmedabad; Mohammad Ghazni was extended invitation to again prevent the reconstruction of Somnath temple which caused unbearable pain to Gandhi. Gujarat has had a long history of riots during the Congress regime that called itself the sole inheritor of Gandhi’s legacy even after his death. In 1969, during Gandhian Hitendra Desai´s rule as Chief Minister, Ahmedabad witnessed communal frenzy, in which more than 3,000 people were killed, i.e. much more than those killed in the riots of 2002. Hence instead of getting caught in the quagmire of ideology, it is necessary to probe into the causes of this endless chain of communal riots in the state.”
Here, however, Devendra Swarup says only 3,000 people were killed in 1969 in Ahmedabad. He has used this figure out of a sense of moderation and caution, and gives it only for Ahmedabad. The correct official figure is 5,000 and actual 15 to 25 thousand, as quoted by Harin Pathak, former Union Minister of State for Home.
The Times of India reports in its issue dated 12 April 2002:
“Ahmedabad: If it took a shocking massacre like Godhra to trigger off massive communal riots in the state in the 21st century, history shows that trivial incidents caused most riots in the 20th century. An inquiry report prepared by justice V S Dave of Rajasthan High Court, who headed a commission of inquiry to investigate the 1985 anti-reservation and subsequent communal riots, devotes a special chapter to the ‘history of riots and agitations in Gujarat’. Tracing the riots way back from 1714, the report points out at the causes of riots as festivals and religious celebrations, aggressions and changing of the secular complex of the ‘pols’, ‘khanchas’ and ‘by-lanes’ within the walled city due to migration to areas of greater security. On April 18, 1941, communal riots broke out and curfew imposed in most localities, was in force for two and a half months. As a result, the civil disobedience movement in the city engineered by the Congress was suspended till October 1941. Both communities suffered in varying degrees in Ahmedabad and elsewhere in the state. Tracing the records, the report observes an important consequence of the riots “after this sad episode, the Muslims of Ahmedabad turned their faces and embraced the programme of the Muslim League.” This was followed soon by the communal riots on July 1, 1946, during the rath yatra due to police firing. Curfew was imposed. Records suggest that the communal riots broke out at about 12.30 pm, in the sherkotda police station. One Sikandar who was a well-known Muslim gymnast, accompanied by three or four members of his akhada was watching the performance of a Hindu akhada which formed the part of a procession. Sikandar allegedly criticized the style of weight-lifting adopted by one Chitranjan Chintamani. This led to a scuffle, in which Sikandar and Chintamani were injured; Sikandar and some sadhus, both of whom were excited, were arrested and put in lock-up. This led to riots. This was followed by the 1958 riots and police firing at Khadia. The then district magistrate had eloquently described Khadia locality in connection with a firing on August 12, in the following words, “The worst area was as it had invariably been in the previous disturbances, the Khadia ward in Ahmedabad city.” However, it will be wrong to believe that the communal tension has always been between Hindus and Muslims. In 1965, the city witnessed the first-ever Sikh Muslim riot in the city, when two Sikh auto rickshaw drivers were murdered by some Muslims. On the following day during the funeral procession, some irate Sikhs broke open some Muslim shops and attacked them. The riots in 1969 have become a history by themselves. The report held “…that there was never any riot in the state of Gujarat of magnitude as was witnessed in September 1969, which took a heavy toll of human lives and property belonging to both the communities.” Justice P J Reddy commission which inquired into this riots found that at least 560 people died, while 561 were injured. These riots were sparked by a trivial incident on September 18, 1969, when a large number of people had gathered for ‘urs’ of the Bukhari Saheb’s chhila. At about 3.45 pm when a herd of the cows accompanied by their keepers had almost reached the temple gates, some Muslims objected as to why the sadhus of the temple had allowed animals to disturb the fair. An altercation followed between some Muslims and the sadhus in which some sadhus were injured. Incidents of violence, thereafter, happened in rapid succession in various parts of the city, taking a heavy toll of lives and property. This was followed by 1985 anti-reservation agitation which took the colour of communal riots and then in 1992 occurred post-Babri riots.”
An analysis on this article by “The Times of India” really discloses the full story. All these riots happened even without any cause as the Godhra incident. While in 2002, despite the mind-numbing roasting alive of karsevaks, an incidence which has no parallel at least in independent India, riots of far less magnitude took place.
The following is the report of www.geocities.com written by V Gangadhar :
“During the 1941 communal riots, the Hindus took a terrible beating and never forgot it. Khadia, within the walled city, became a stronghold of Hindus, but there was no militancy in the area. The 1945 communal riots were milder, but when India became free, it was hoped that Hindus and Muslims could live together in peace. This happened for some time…Yet Hindus and Muslims fought together in the Mahagujarat Movement which established a separate Gujarat state in 1960.
The Congress has always been the major force in the city. The socialists and communists could never get a foothold. The Congress split of 1968-69 had a major impact on the political, economic and communal future of Gujarat, which was the bastion of the traditional Congress-O led by Morarji Desai.
The year 1969 was a watershed in communal relations. The Hindu-Muslim riots killed more than 5,000 people and Ahmedabad became a vast burial ground. The riots were aggravated because of the conflict between the Congress government led by Indira Gandhi at the Centre, and the state government led by Hitendra Desai of the Congress-O. Muslims suffered horribly because the state government presumed they had supported Gandhi during the Congress split and was keen to punish them. They faced the hostility of the police, the army and the caste Hindus.
Congress-O leader Morarji Desai was not personally communal, but he hardly did anything to control the situation. For the first time in the city’s history, the labour areas were affected. The killings here were most brutal. Since then, Gujarat has never been the same.”
This author V Gangadhar is another staunch anti-BJP man. The website, www.geocities.com is among the most anti-BJP websites. Laughable claims such as, “The Bajrang Dal killed 2 lakh Sikhs in New Delhi in 1983-84” are posted on this website. And yet, this website and this author help us to a large extent in realizing the history of violence in Gujarat.
Vadodara also saw horrible riots in 1982, just like Ahmedabad and Godhra. Gujarat also saw riots in 1990, between April and December, which saw nearly 1400 communal incidences, which left officially 224 people dead and 775 injured. Nearly 120 riots took place in Gujarat in 1991 between January and April which left at least 38 people dead officially and 170 injured. Ahmedabad again saw riots in October 1990 after L.K.Advani’s Rath Yatra began, which saw 41 people dead officially. Vadodara again saw riots between April 1991 and July 1991, which was a result of a petty incidence of a boy getting hit by an auto rickshaw. Surat saw bloody riots in 1992, which left about 200 people dead, after the demolition of the disputed structure in Ayodhya.
(Source: IPCS research papers, Volume 3, March 2004, written by B Rajeshwari)
The author B Rajeshwari is also a professor at the Jawaharlal NehruUniversity, New Delhi. She belongs to a staunch Leftist school of thought. A professor at the JNU is seeped in the vicious anti-Hindu mould, and despite that, this author does give some important information to us.
The above instances are enough for anyone to understand Gujarat’s history of communal violence. To see newspaper editors and freelancers writing ‘white lies’ on English dailies’ editorial pages that, “Narendra Modi is responsible for the worst massacre of Muslims in independent India” or “Modi killed 2,000 Muslims in Gujarat” etc etc is all disgusting. This is not only because of the factual errors, but because these people themselves know Gujarat’s history of violence. Most of the instances mentioned in this book (of Gujarat’s past violence) are taken from sources of these people only. And yet, they lie through the skin of their teeth.
Shridhar Patel wrote in weekly Organiser dated 22 December 2002:
“…Hardly any newspaper has taken the trouble to understand Gujarat.
Strangely enough, the one English-language newspaper to make that effort is the NRI journal published from New York“India Abroad” (May 17, 2002). Sheila Bhat’s article “Wounds of history” should be made compulsory reading for our hate-filled columnists. Sheila Bhat recounts how Gujarat’s pride was broken and how “Centuries of being under the exploiters’ yoke has left deep scars” on the Gujarati psyche. The last Hindu to rule over Gujarat independently was Karan Vaghelo who fled his kingdom in 1298. ‘From then on’, writes Sheila, ‘there have been small pockets under Hindu kings ruling as vassals of various conquerors but Gujarat was never independent from 1300 to 1947…The past is never, ever, far from the present…’ Our ‘intellectual’ columnists do not know history, much less Gujarati psychology. They know only hate. The truth is that in IndiaGujarat is a special case. Maharashtra can boast of a Shivaji who stood up to Muslim rule and bears no psychological wounds, Rajasthan has several Hindu heroes like Rana Pratap for one, South India had its great Vijaynagar Empire to be proud of but Gujarat with its open borders has been at the mercy of anyone who has chosen to come in with rape and plunder and pillage. If one does not understand that, one does understands nothing, either about Narendra Modi, or about Gujarat…”
Our newspaper editors are of course blind to the historical facts. They are blind to the demolition of the sacred temple at the birthplace of Lord Ram in Ayodhya by Babur in 1528 and they attach it no significance. They are also blind to the atrocities committed on Hindus by Muslims in the medieval period, and also the atrocities which the Hindus suffered in Gujarat at the hands of Muslims not only since AD 1298, but also in the communal riots throughout the 1940s.
In 1399, Timur killed 100,000 Hindus in a single day. Professor K S Lal, in his Growth of Muslim Population in India, writes that according to his calculations, the Hindu population decreased by 80 million between the years 1000 and 1525, probably the biggest holocaust in world history. (Source: Article by Francis Gautier on www.rediff.com dated 11 March 2003)
The Gujarat riots of 1969 were far more serious than the 2002 riots. The death toll, as a proportion of population was far higher and the violence had spread to many parts of the state.
Godhra (and its twin city of Dahod) is famous in the subcontinent as the birthplace of Aurangzeb, the fanatical Mughal emperor. It is also a well known trouble spot that has seen violent riots between Hindus and Muslims for over a hundred years. A large number of people of Godhra have links with people in violence-prone Karachi in Pakistan.
(Source: www.rediff.com dated 2nd March 2005 and also The Times of India dated 30 May 2002)
Even a staunch anti-Hindu weekly like ‘Frontline’ reports: “The Rath Yatra has often sparked communal violence in Ahmedabad, including the worst massacre in 1969.” (Frontline 13-26 March 2002)
The same weekly also reports:
The Hindutva experiment
DURING the last two months and more of mayhem, questions regarding the extent to which the Bharatiya Janata Party’s Hindutva ideology has permeated the public mind have sprung up. In order to understand how the BJP has been able to mobilise different sections of society from the Patidars (or Patels) to Dalits and other backward classes (OBCs), it is necessary to look at Gujarat‘s history of communal violence.
The earliest recorded riot here dates back to 1714 during Mughal rule – it occurred in Ahmedabad. It was sparked by a minor incident – the accidental sprinkling of ‘ghulal’ during the Holi festival, according to the V.S. Dave Commission report on the 1985 riots. Several riots took place during the Maratha rule, which lasted until 1817. During the British Raj, riots broke out in 1941, following which the Civil Disobedience Movement was suspended. It also marked the time when Ahmedabad’s Muslims started supporting the Muslim League. In 1946, trouble broke out in the city again. in post-Independence India, there were riots in Ahmedabad in 1958, 1965 and 1969. The 1969 riots were also sparked by a minor event but led to one of the bloodiest riots in Gujarat.
(Frontline: 14-26 May 2002)
That is, a weekly as anti-BJP and anti-Narendra Modi as the Frontline admits the fact that Gujarat’s worst riots were in 1969 under the Congress Party, and not in 2002 under Narendra Modi.
The following is the full text of Rakesh Sinha’s article in ‘The Pioneer’ dated 20 April 2002:
“Give a dog bad name and hang it
It is not for the first time that Gujarat has witnessed communal riots. Its history is replete with communal tension and feuds.
In September 1969, Gujarat plunged into one of the severest riots after Partition. The immediate reason for the riot was attack on two sadhus of JagannathTemple by a mob of about 1,000 Muslims, who gathered to celebrate Urs on September 18, 1969, provoking organised violence in Ahmedabad and many other areas, including Baroda. Official figure counted 660 dead and 1,100 injured. The magnitude of riots could be gauged by the figure that 6000 families lost their houses, properties and belongings. The Sampradayikta Virodhi Committee’s report “Gujarat‘s riot X-rayed” mentioned the figure of dead people as 3000.
“Religious-quake” was witnessed during the riots. Incidents were reported but they did not unravel religious identities of the victims. The Times of India reported on its front-page on September 20, 1969, a father and son being burnt alive when the son was taking his ailing father to hospital. Incidents like these hit our humanitarian sentiment rather than religious or communal feelings, when they are reported with restraint. They do not transcend the communal hatred beyond the boundaries of the communally charged region or the State. This spirit was maintained by the media throughout the riot-span (for a month) in 1969. The 1969 riots were not transformed into a political battle to destabilise the government or to blame the ruling Congress or to settle scores with Hitendra Desai, the then Chief Minister of Gujarat. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s short visit on September 25 was both preceded and followed by premeditated violence. Seventeen passengers were killed in the Janata Express near Ahmedabad the same day. But the institution of the Prime Minister was not trivialised or her stature was not questioned due to such horrendous incidents.
During 1969 riots, The Times of India reported, “Sabarmati Harijan Ashram too not spared” (September 23, 2002) as hooligans attacked the Ashramites and damaged the ashram. Another interesting theory of Godhra incident was that Ghanchis not Muslims were responsible for riots.
I do not know whether it is an instance of deliberate inaccuracy or ignorance. “Ghanchi Muslims were,” wrote Asghar Ali Engineer in his book, Communal Riots in the Post-Independent India: “By and large supporters of the Muslim League and were also known as quite militant and aggressive.” Perhaps BJP leaders like Shanta Kumar could not comprehend the role of anti-saffron gorillas in the media to damn the ideology by using the symbols of Jhabua, Godse, Dara Singh, even at the cost of serving the interests of rapists and anti-nationals operating through various names and masquerading as human rights activists, like Prof Gilani, or religious propagators under the Deendar Anjum, or supportersof pan-Islamic terrorism under the softer name “Students Islamic Movement.”
This article also shows that the 1969 riots were far worse than the 2002 riots. In reality, its not just the 1969 riots, but most of the major post-independence riots in Gujarat, such as the 1980, 1982, 1985,1990,1992 riots which were far worse than the 2002 riots and that too without any immediate cause as the Godhra incident.
The following is the interview given to “The Times of India” by the Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi dated 30th March 2002:
“Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi in an exclusive interview to The Times of India says his state is returning to normalcy. Excerpts from the interview:
Q.: In your view, was the burning of 58 kar sevaks in the Sabarmati Express at Godhra a planned attacked or a spontaneous one? Was there an untoward incident on the station platform which sparked the attack?
A.: If one looks at the nature of the heinous attack on the Sabarmati Express and the manner in which 58 innocent kar sevaks were burnt alive in a compartment of the ill-fated train, it would be apparent that it was a deep rooted conspiracy and a pre-planned, cold-blooded attack.
The train arrived at Godhra at 7:43 a.m. and within five minutes, i.e. at 7:48 a.m., it left Godhra. It was stopped at Signal Falia about 500 metres away and a mob attacked the compartment collectively. How can such an attack be spontaneous? Moreover, the train departed from Faizabad and arrived in Godhra after 36 long hours, and no incident was reported on the behaviour of the kar sevaks en route. But the president of the Gujarat unit of the Congress, Amarsinh Chaudhary, has alleged in a television interview that the attack took place because the kar sevaks did not pay money for a cup of tea at the railway station. Is it not ridiculous to justify a ghastly incident such as this?
Q.: There are reports that the Tableegi Jamiat of the Deobandi school of Islam has been fanning fundamentalist ideology in Godhra and that there were instances of members of the majority community being burnt in the past few years. Are these reports true? If so, on what dates were they burned and by whom and what is the action taken against the persons concerned?
A.: The long history of communal violence in Godhra is not an unknown phenomenon, but it has taken an ugly and serious turn in the last 25-30 years. Two families have been burnt alive in the same area in the past in a ghastly incident. And ten years ago, four teachers, including two women teachers, were mercilessly cut to death in a school in the presence of children.
While the then Congress rulers have registered court cases in a routine manner, they have failed miserably to punish the real culprits. Not only this, the main culprit named Asaraf was done to death while in a jail by other accused persons and the whole event was pushed into a corner forever.
Q.: Reports of the violence in Ahmedabad give the impression that it was well organised. The reports said armed mobs went around with voting lists targeting Muslims. An IAS officer, Harsh Mander, has given a chilling account of the violence in Ahmedabad. Why has the state not been able to tackle the situation? There are allegations that the police was partisan. Please comment.
A.: Those who are acquainted with Gujarat know that this state is very sensitive to communal violence. There have been serious communal disturbances triggered by petty and minor incidents relating to kite flying or a cricket match. In the past, communal violence has broken out in 200 places at a time and curfew has been imposed in about 300 villages and towns for months together.
Compared to this, the Godhra massacre was unparalleled in history, but we took all proactive measures to curb the violence within 72 hours. The police fired more than 3,900 rounds initially and the army was airlifted from the border area and deployed within 16 hours in the disturbed areas. There was no complacency on the part of the government or the police…”
Imagine a state where communal riots take place at 200 places at the same time, and many more villages and towns affected by violence, and curfew in 300 places for many months together! The Godhra town also remained in curfew throughout the year in 1980 and also 1985. As compared to that the violence in 2002 was absolutely nothing.
But despite knowing this, the media just doesn’t want to know. It has exhausted all its resources to attack and target one man- Narendra Modi, one party- the BJP. Instead of thinking objectively and appreciating the spirited work of the Gujarat government in controlling the communal violence, the media has irrationally and irresponsibly accused the BJP government of turning a blind eye to the riots. But someone who does not want to see the truth cannot see it. We will see the reason for this Ostrich approach in another chapter.
48 thoughts on “Gujarat’s bloody history of violence”
If we sincerely want to control Riots in Gujarat particularly in Vadodara. We should check our youths not to indulge in instigating each other. To days youth have JOSH but not have HOSH. The police also failed to control the youth and sucumbed to their unjustified demands, just as to increase the timing of Loudspeakers than allowed by the Apex Court.
you should change your name b’cause u’re not true hindu.
u have been surely brainewashed.do somethin good for the society. dharti ke boj. go join a shakha.
and azad, you are doing something good for the society?? can you name some of your achievements? you have no right to tell someone if he/she is a true hindu or not…hindus dun need s stamp from fascist ideologist or people like you…
The vast majority of Hindus of India and else where are gone too soft and can’t stand their ground, as do the muslims all over the world. A historian William Durant in his book “History of Civilization” tell us that from the first time the Muslim invaders entered India till the partition 1948 ,80 million Hindus have been killed by Muslims. India will always have problem as long as Muslims will remain in India. Unfortunatlly majority of Hindus and Sikhs don’t know their own history.
As Hindus or Muslims, it is our right and duty to be peaceful to each other. So stop being such a dumbass and learn to live together, you will have to now and generations to come. Dumb assholes
Its not Possible to kill 12 crore of Muslims in India,neither its in our nature as we haven’t got such Sankara(values).So better start living together,Also we need to learn from China how its growing globally and dealing such problems like Tibet, ughuir regions and made the trouble makers keep quite.
Like some European countries we should device policies to stop display of religious things in public,in order to avoid clashes and identification of someone as Hindu or Muslim or Christian
Stop publishing crap like this which has no references and is based on no research. These are just baseless stories made by some guy who has nothing else to do. Go find a job or volunteer somewhere and serve your community.
Watch the reality of Hindu Terrorism and also see the reality of Modi and his criminal approach –
This article describe only one community as victim. So what r their intensions?? Plz stop posting such crap articles. And post articles which describe our unity. If u cant do good to our country then plz dont do bad atleast. And the commentators of both the community its bcoz of people like u that our nation is facing such riots.u all r exchanging such vulgar fight just bcoz someone is posting such crap articles??. Dont u have ur own mind?? How can just an article brainwash u?? Tomorrow if some articles comes n describe ur mother as prostitute then?? Sorry yar but we the youths and common man r the only hopes of our country others r busy doing scams n other thing. FOR MY INDIA.By Ubaidullah mansuri. Ahmedabad. (plz dont join any religion with my name) thanks
can we have death figures of hindu muslims death in each riot since independence?
The followers of jealous gods cannot tolerate the plurality of Sanatana Dharma. They are very disappointed that despite hundreds of years under tyrants, the Hindus are still prospering. The media who are under the control of the priests of these jealous gods are doing their best to try and accelerate the obituary of Sanatana Dharma, in vain.
see the only fact is that the hindus can never defeat muslis…………………………we are a small community in india but we r enough for all the rss rascals…………………its record 80 crores hindus are afraid of just 10 crore muslims………..whow……in gujrat riots police were with
No one needs to beat muslims. In gujarat they will never think of doing riots again.
life is one which is given by good so leave it wonderfully, their is no religions in INDIA think be an INDIAN. other we will never develop our country. please
why should we make the community violence. before indipendence we all r one. but why not after freedom. we should do violence against those politicians. we should happy of that. we r leaving in a beautiful country. where gayatrimantra and azan prayers are made in one country.
I can just by reading this, i can challenge this website is directly or indirectly is connected with the sangh Parivar. By declaring that 1969 was worst riots you cannot avoid question on what the present goverment did, and present actions cannot be justified based on what happened in past.
@Sunil, PIN POINT what wrong is written. Whether this site is made by anyone- you should have no difficulty in refuting the facts. You of course seem either not to have seen or to have ignored this http://www.gujaratriots.com/29/role-of-the-government-in-controlling-violence/
False propaganda against Namo. thanks
lets take a segment from your recommend link.
And the situation was terrible. In Ahmedabad- all 6000 policemen were deployed- and only 1500 were armed. At one point of time- there were 25,000 people targeting Muslims in Ahmedabad alone on 28 Feb. Police received 3500 calls instead of normal average of 200 that day. Ahmedabad Fire Brigade received 400 calls- as against its capacity of handling 100 calls at once. In fact- the report “Godhra and after” published by the “Council for International Affairs and Human Rights”- headed by Justice D. S. Tewatia- a retired Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court-after its study of the situation there in April 2002- said that on many occasions- the rioters had better weapons than the police.
…………..This proves 2 points 1) riots were pre-planned by RSS and VHP i am saying this because your one great leader Pravin Togadia is been prosecuted and Mamta khodrani is behind bars
2) Police had no intention to stop the rioters …………….
The governed was the guilty and there is no hiding in this fact it is proved even while justifying, and it is laughable how come an NRI sitting in Australia has so much interest in India. looks like more then hidden agenda he is having hidden interest.
Whether we work in Australia or not, we are Indians. What does it matter which part of the world we live in? Or for that matter, letus say that we are Australians. Does that make any difference? Whoever we may be, our arguments have to be refuted on merit not on the basis of who or what we are. As we said, despite the fact that the entire police force was deployed and outnumbered overwhelmingly by the rioters, the police fired 1,000 rounds on the first day- 600 in Ahmedabad and shot dead 10 Hindus in Ahmedabad and injured 16 and killed 2 outside Ahmedabad in Nadiad and Godhra. Police saved hundreds of Muslims in Naroda Patiya and Ehsan Jafri case (Chamanpura). As we have said- raising non-issues (like “FASCIST RSS people’s website”, “NRIs writing from Australia”, BIASED HINDU RADICALS” etc etc ) will not give an answer to our facts. Since you are so convinced that the riots were PLANNED and administration was involved in it, please bring your evidence. Don’t talk vague. Also use Parliamentary and respectful language respecting the opinions of others. If you talk to us as if we are CRIMINALS just because we have brought out some facts which you dont like, or our views are not acceptable to you doesn’t mean you have the right to call us FASCISTS. We are open-minded. We will examine all evidence given by you and others to refute us. As we have said, we repeat once again, READ THIS SITE FROM TOP TO BOTTOM. Any factual errors found will be immediately correct- any place where we are wrong we will accept our mistake and make the changes accordingly. This is our last reply. In future, comments needlessly abusing us (calling us FANATICS RADICALS FASCISTS, RSS STOOGEs etc etc) , wrongly condemning us will not be responded to unless necessary. One thing is necessary in a debate- parliamentary language. If what we have said is wrong, then we are giving you a chance to correct it by pointing out PRECISELY WHAT is wrong. In future, please pinpoint which sentences made by us incorrect and with evidence which show why. 🙂
If you are daring enough post this on blog and let everyone read this …..you have tried giving me enough now take this pill http://www.tehelka.com/story_main48.asp?filename=Ne120211coverstory.asp……let your your so called saints bask in the light of truth
Soory the link had an error this is the actually link http://www.tehelka.com/story_main48.asp?filename=Ne120211coverstory.asp
Mr admin you now pinpoint what is un-parliamentary language i have used, pointing out some facts that were missing in your blog or raising doubt on someone’s intention. Sorry Mr Admin doubting or raising Question against someone’s intention is not considered un-parliamnetary, And i think u have not visited the link that i have posted for you, any comments on the link.
I know my questions are becoming little difficult for you to answer…….all the evidence that you are presenting only tell’s the one face of the story, why are you not including facts proved in sit report. Fact that some of the minister are in jail, fact that police officers who stood with Gujarat Government were Rewarded Fact that those who went against him were targeted, i have provided you the link. If you want more evidence read preliminary report by judges in front of whom haren pandya testified. the problem in India is that Law’s are weak if you are strong or in Government.
I commend what Gujarat government has done in last 10 years, no denial on that fact but this will never wash what it did on those 3 days. if you still understand hindi there is a saying ” 100 chuhaye kaha K billi chali haj ko ” ……this is exactly what is happening.
For giving evidence, please do not post links only. (Posting links is not wrong, but mere links won’t do!). Please provide the information, or gist of what you want to say in a mail to us or even in this comments section. Your questions are not at all difficult to answer by the way! 🙂 As for that SIT report quoted- how can be believe what Tehelka is saying is correct? When that report is confidential and NO ONE can see it, Tehelka seeing it and claiming to expose its contents itself is a crime committed by it. Unless and until the SIT report becomes public, we cannot take it as of any value. If Tehelka can access a confidential report and comment on it, by writing an article then why should I not see that report- and try to point out errors if any in it to the SIT? For example Tehelka claims that that SIT report says on page 69 that Narendra Modi said “Every action has equal and opposite reaction” which is factually incorrect. Now if the SIT report indeed says so, then questions can be asked to the SIT as well- how did you report and believe such a lie- on what basis, etc etc? So as of now, please do not go by stray unconfirmed opinions of people who have a history of trying to give false evidence to corner Narendra Modi. Many of the points raised by that Tehelka report are already answered in Myth 19 (on that 27 Feb meeting) and in answers to Outlook’s 25 questions. As for unparliamentary language we will repeat our words “Also use Parliamentary and respectful language respecting the opinions of others.”. It was a generalized statement we never said that YOU spoke Unparliamentary language, though you did speak DISRESPECTFUL and defamatory language (calling us as brain-washed by gandhi killers, shame on the author, ‘author trying to skirt the 2002 riots by quoting 1969 riots’ etc). When people respect each other, take part in a debate for the purpose of TRUTH rather than like college students forcibly winning debates so as to impress the audience, then debates are healthy. And now we seem to be in process of doing just that! Awesome! Regards, Admin
The highly-biased SIT apparently seems to have an unholy vested interest in selectively appearing to leak sections of the report to the media while not revealing it officialy, proclaiming it is “confidential” —maybe because the truthful replies of Narendra Modi would call the bluff of the presumptions of supremo Raghavan and cause the collapse of a whole super-industry of media-mogul Modi-bashers jealous of gujarat’s unparalleled growth, prosperity and inclusive development. The facts pointed out by Shri modi speak for themselves and Many skeletons will come out of the closet and rattle the fake image of the self-righteous English media if the report made public.
Despite the media’s pretentions to the contrary, fact remains that “Yess-Man to the political-powers-that-be”:- Raghavan and his Yes-Boss gang were vehemently biased with virulent malice against the darling-angel of Mother India, commonMan Narendra Modi, like those controlling the television media for Viking West imperialist interests.
Mr Admin one of your keen follower and Modi worshiper is using i Guess un-parliamentary language against SIT and person appointed by Supreme Court, hope You are prompt in rapping him as you were in my case, and strangely he is not even providing any evidence hahahaah ……..:D
Thank you very much for telling us this. Actually the comments posted by him were v v v long and we are v busy (and will be for 2 more days, until our exam is over) and so we uploaded them thinking that this man must have spent a lot of time writing these comments. We admit it was a mistake on our part to do so. We have now seen and read some of them and fully agree that if they at all should have uploaded, they should have been after editing and censuring. The abuses and crticism given by this man contained horrible description and bias against a community, didn’t it (Brahmins) . We will modify and edit that as well. We have censored, deleted hundreds of comments with foul language from people hurling abuses on Sonia Gandhi, Rahul Gandhi etc. If you see, read this site from top to bottom and see comments of people like Deepak of USA you will know that we tolerated and posted strong criticism many many times. Secondly, we have uploaded almost all comments of opponents so long as they are not full of defamation with factual errors (like killing Gandhiji). Yes you are indeed right that no evidence has been given against SIT by this man, but here he is NOT engaging in a debate to prove something. As a matter of fact, we will edit and censure his comments too.
But Sunilji, that does not mean that any of our opponents have proved us wrong. Actually the comments posted by this reader were so long that we simply added them without reading them- yes it was a mistake on our part to do so. But now that you have pointed out the language, we will edit it. Just because comments of some readers in harsh language are uploaded doesn’t mean we have been refuted. We have very very often uploaded comments with harsh language against US too.
I fully understand and appreciate the points made by and the concerns of the site-administrators and respect their decision. There is certainly no issue in this regard.
I think it is high time to bring the full story of Godhra riots to the world and specially global media and cinema, that Godhra riot was a result of a chain reaction of injustice done to Hindu’s since centuries, it was a fight to finish reply of Hindu’s, against the unheard agonies. For centuries Hindus suffered and were always at the loosing end due to the Government’s Muslim vote bank policy. Hindu’s in their own land were helpless.
The media and film industry’s irresponsible attitude has kept this issue kindled for long, and is not letting the situation normalize. This may result in another major riot from the other end to settle accounts. Unfortunately in Gandhiji’s Gujarat the hit for hit policy is an irony.
It is high time that all human and specially both the caste’s Hindus and Muslims now understand that no new accounts should be opened to give pain and heritage of enmity to the coming generation, who will have much more difficulties of day to day life to handle.
Going by your logic, dalits, shudras, obcs, minorities, etc have also suffered from centuries in the country. So if they decide to slaughter all of us, and then deny justice, and say let bygones be bygones, then we should accept it, no? They have the same logic! Your argument is ridiculous. If an animal enters ones house, rapes and kills everyone, and then says that let bygones be bygones, and screw justice,one should forget about it, right? Do you think, till justice is delivered, the people who were at the knife’s end during the riots, will be satisfied? Who are you and me to decide how much murder and revenge is ok and justified and how much discretionary justice should be allowed? Till justice is delievered, to ALL the victims, across people of all religions, race and faith, peace cannot be achieved.
I M HINDU…….THIS SITE SEEM TO ME AS ANTE-MUSLIM OR SHOULD I SAY IN FAVOUR OF MODI……AS THE TONE OF WRITING IS LIKE……..PUFF!!! SO WHAT!!!!!!!! WE HAVE SEEN GREATER RIOTS IN HISTORY ITS NOTHING…….
DUDE A SINGLE PERSON KILLED IS AS PAINFUL AS HUNDREDS KILLED…….I AM NOT FAVORING MUSLIMS………..BUT THAT’S ALSO A TRUTH THAT INNOCENT MUSLIMS WERE ALSO KILLED…………….WHY RIOTS..??……IF MUSLIM STARTED SOMETHING…..THEN WILL BE TRIALED BY PREVAILING LAW AND ORDER IN THE NATION……..IF EVERYONE STARTED ACTING LIKE THOSE MURDERERS IN THE NAME OF RELIGION…..THEN WHOLE WORLD WILL BE GONE IN A BLINK OF AN EYE…………OPEN YOUR EYES.FACE THE TRUTH….BOTH RELIGION DID THE WRONG THING…..I DIDN’T SEE EVEN A SINGLE LINK FAVORING MUSLIMS…..OR JUST BEING NEUTRAL……..
See this EMCEEKC http://www.gujaratriots.com/38/attacks-on-muslims/
We also say that even 1 death is 1 too many, but that doesn’t give anyone d license to exaggerate the number of people killed to more than double of d true number. The site is neither pro-Modi nor anti-Muslim, it simply brings out the TRUTH. And if there is any place where we are wrong, then correct us with evidence. We will make d changes accordingly.
“EYE FOR AN EYE MAKES WHOLE WORLD BLIND”——M.K.GANDHI
@MUKTMAN…..WHO TOLD YOU INDIA IS A LAND FOR HINDU’S……..IN DEMOCRACY…BEING MAJORITY DO NOT ENTITLE THE LAND YOURS………SO GET SOME KNOWLEDGE….TAKE SOME CLASSES……THEN DEBATE……..GUYS LIKE YOU WILL BE THE REASON OF WORLD WAR 3
LIVE IN PEACE BRO……YOU KILL THEIR 1,THEY KILL YOUR’S 2, YOU KILL THEIR’S 3…..CHAIN KEEPS ON GOING……AND BY THE TIME IT WILL STOP YOU WILL REALIZE WE LOST EVERYTHING……AND GAINED NOTHING FROM RAGE….
What the report of SIT today is too much disturbing for India / Gujarat. People are too much anti Narendra Modi those are his blood thrusty to finish him / Gujarat / India and hindus / Muslims also. They don’t want taht Hindu and muslimd live in Cummunal Harmony. I am disturbed to day. I know from where and by whom this post Godhra riots started in Vadodara Tarsali area.
Gandhi was one of those culprits (along with Buddha) who made Hindus cowards, defenseless and indifferent people. He devised his own and distorted versions of tolerance. Of course tolerance is one of main features of Hinduism. No Hindu scripture advocates killing of innocent people for not worshiping God or for not believing in “true God”. But all scriptures tell Hindus to be brave and not to forget their duties. They urge Hindus to fight back and save innocents when evil people cause trouble.
But Gandhi changed this meaning of tolerance. He advised Hindus to remain passive and get killed when muslims were butchering thousands of Hindus during partition. He was no different from today’s secularists. He considered muslims lives precious and Hindus lives worthless. He and Nehru are responsible for the plight of Hindus today.
Gandhi took his Hindu constituents for granted but never showed any concern for specific Hindu interests. The story that he staked his life to quell the massacres of Hindus in Noakhali in 1947, turns out to be untrue: his trip to East Bengal took place under security cover and well after the worst violence had subsided. There and wherever Hindus were getting butchered en masse in 1947-48, he advised them to get killed willingly rather than fight back or flee. It is breathtaking how often his writings and speeches contain expressions like: “I don’t care if many die.” And it was the first time in Hindu history that anyone qualified going down without a fight against a murderous aggressor as “brave”.
All his fasts unto death proved to be empty play when he refused to use this weapon to avert the Partition, in spite of promises given. It was the only time when he ran a real risk of being faced with an opponent willing to let him die rather than give in. He had become unpopular by then, not only among fellow politicians who were exasperated at his irrationality, but also among the masses suffering the effects of his confused policies. Had Gandhi not been murdered, his star would have continued to fall and he would have been consigned to the dustbin of history.
Gandhi made a caricature of Hinduism by presenting his own whimsical and eccentric conduct as quintessentially Hindu, such as the rejection of technological progress, and most consequentially, extreme non-violence under all circumstances. This concept owed more to Jesus’ “turning the other cheek” than to Hindu-Buddhist ahimsa. He managed to read his own version of non-violence into the Bhagavad Gita, which in fact centres on Krishna’s rebuking Arjuna’s plea for Gandhian passivity. He never invoked any of India’s warrior heroes and denounced the freedom fighters who opted for armed struggle, under the quiet applause of the British rulers whose lives became a lot more comfortable with such a toothless opponent.
You don’t have to advise Hindus about “living in peace” or “tolerance”. Hindus are the most tolerant people in History. Keep your advise with you. If you want, you give them to Islamic terrorists (pardon the tautology) who kill innocent people in the name of God or for not believing God.
You are either dishonest or a moron. He doesn’t justify any killings. He just points out the facts that most people don’t know. Media is relentlessly talking about riots of 2002. Why do they hide the facts about much worse riots that happened under congress rule. You are blaming this person for no reason at all. Why don’t you blame the media which actually justified the Godhra train burning?
some how i dont understand this website all the people taking side of MR Modi are either in USA or in Australia, where they themselves make lot of fuss on human rights etc. They there are either totally disconnected or are in touch through organisation like VHP to all such people who have hidden agenda sitting in this country who are currently unable to find lucrative opportunity to exploit India i think are conspiring so that modi image is cleaned and they get an opportunity to exploit rest of India just like they did in Gujarat.
this is correct it’s not as if mr modi was right in allowing policemen and citizens to just kill off innocent muslims just because a few hindus were killed by SOME muslims-not all
Total bashing, this website claims that muslims are the root cause for all riots,screw the writer.
This site has not said Muslims are the root cause of all riots. Riots occur anywhere in the world on any issue- like White Blacks, over power and water problems, political issues, etc. This site has simply quoted Ganesh Kanate (A staunch ‘secularist’ who is an open enemy of the Sangh Parivar), Congress’ Home Ministry report of 1969 and Justice Madan (who was a Parsee) Committee- which was appointed by the Congress, which said that MOST of the riots are in India between Hindus and Muslims are started by Muslims. This site has simply quoted statements from these people on Hindu-Muslim riots in India, thats all.
All are balmming Modi for 2002 riots as he was a RSS Parchatk. In Vadodara the Congress workers are more responsible for killing Muslims.
In South Area of Vadodara there were 20 congress party Councillors while only one was from BJP party. Why the Congress party failed to stop the mascare of muslims in Tarsali area? In GHB Tarsli Housing Society where there is biggest slum known as Dholi kui is giuided by the congrss activists Mr. Chinnam Gandhi. read report published on 9.8.2003 in TOI congress silent on role of congress in 2002 riots of Gujarat. Why Mrs. Sonia Gandhi not visited a single place where displaced riot’s affected muslims were rehabilitated? In Ahmedabd the Local Body AMC was asministered by the Congress party but the congress has done nothing but left the rehabilitation of muslims on NGOs. WHY? Congress is more responsible in 2002 post Godhra riots than BJP. See all the court’s judgments where more congress workerws are punished? Innocent people of both Hindus and Muslims are affected than any political leader OR corporators of any political party. So Modi is not saying SORRY FOR 2002 post Godhra riots as he knows the role played by the congress party workers than BJP workers.
This tells the perfect picture.. i personally dont have any issues with muslims but ya they are root cause of this issues in Gujarat and everywhere in d world.. where ever u see violence.. u will find muslims in it… why …!!!
secondly every single bast*** from Human Rights, Minority cell or from media was shouting about wrong things happens wid muslims how many of media coverage was given to those 60 people who were burnt alive in that train due to which everything started.. u cant get away after starting anything jst coz u r muslims.. some day some one will reply and godhra riot was that reply..