Gujarat Riots: The True Story

The Truth of the 2002 riots

The Godhra Carnage

Difference between Godhra and other tragic incidents

Several people- unable to understand the sufferings of the Hindu society- have asked- “Why did riots occur only after Godhra? Why was nobody targeted after the Akshardham temple attack- or after the attacks on Mumbai on 26 November 2008?” Well- the answers are many.

Myth 8: The Gujarat government was involved in the riots

Posted on May 22, 2008 - Filed Under 12-Concocted Lies and Myths by the media | 96 Comments

 Fact: The full details of the role of the government in controlling violence can be seen by opening the link.

Gujarat government of the BJP, headed by Narendra Modi was blind to the mushrooming of madrasas in the state. Not only that, the previous government headed by Keshubhai Patel too was equally blind to the same. From India Today we know that it was because of fear of harming the BJP’s newly discovered ‘secular’ image that the party did nothing to control the madrasas. It reported in its issue of 18th March 2002: “The general perception is that this was the venting of a latent anti-Muslim sentiment fostered by the unchecked activities of radical Islamic schools in the state. Being debated just as hotly is the question of why the authorities failed to check the blood-letting. Was it because the BJP feared its new-found secular image would suffer if it came down heavily on the fundamentalists? Or was it plain administrative inefficiency?”

   So, the BJP did not want to risk losing its ‘secular’ image. Maybe even if there was no such fear, the government would have been neutral and efficient in dealing with riots. But with the NDA allies at stake, ‘secular’ image at stake, and the powerful electronic media which was hostile, BJP Government of Gujarat was definitely determined to prevent riots.

The Gujarat government had to face the most difficult situation in trying to control the post-Godhra riots. That’s because Gujarat is an extremely communally sensitive state and often even minor things like kite flying and cricket matches are enough to cause riots.

To understand this issue fully we have already seen the horrific massacre in Godhra carried out on February 27. Gujarat has along history of communal violence-dating from 1714 AD and in the recent past saw horrible riots in the pre-Independence period of the 1940s and then again riots after Independence. The Times of India in its issue dated 13 April 2002 carried a report saying- “Trivial reasons sparked earlier riots” and begins with the sentence-

If it took a shocking massacre like Godhra to trigger off massive communal riots in the state in the 21st century, history shows that trivial incidents caused most riots in the 20th century…”

Now the situation was far worse in February 2002- after the gruesome killings in Godhra. But the Godhra killings were not the only cause. At that time, in 2002, there were war clouds between India and Pakistan following the attack on Parliament. There was great anger in Gujarat over terrorism and anti-national activity and over the growth of madarsas. Added to that was the Godhra incident and the rubbing of salts into people’s wounds after Godhra by the media and politicians.

The Telegraph, published from Kolkata, also reported on 1st March 2002: “(On Feb 28)  “There is a fire inside us. Our blood is boiling,” Mangalben, a woman from Dariapur, said. “What is the fault of those children who died? There is a volcano of anger.””

In other words-there was a volcano of anger among the masses, whose blood was boiling after the Muslims brutally roasted 59 kar sewaks including 15 children in Godhra.

Steps taken on February 27 (Wednesday)

On 27th February 2002 occurred the Godhra carnage at around 8 AM.

In brief, the steps taken on 27 February (Wednesday) were:

1)  The Gujarat Chief Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, rushed from Ahmedabad to Godhra and gave shoot-at-sight orders and imposed curfew at 9:45 am as reported by the English dailies at that time.


2) The entire police force of 70,000 was deployed in Gujarat as reported by The Hindustan Times the next day as well as The Telegraph (UK).

3)  All companies of Rapid Action Force in the state were deployed in Ahmedabad, Godhra and other sensitive areas by the state government as reported by The Indian Express and Mid-Day on 28 Feb.Congress loyalist weekly Outlook also reported this online on 27 Feb. (Paragraph 8 of this report).

4) The Central Government rushed CRPF personnel to Gujarat, as reported by The Indian Express and Mid-Day both the next day. The Gujarat Government had requested the Centre to send 10 companies of CRPF personnel as reported by The Times of India.

5) The state government imposed curfew in Godhra at 9:45 am- within 2 hours of the Godhra carnage and in other sensitive areas.

6) 827 preventive arrests were made. Narendra Modi said this in an interview to India Today dated 18 March 2002. India Today of 18 March 2002 admitted preventive arrests without specifying the number. Even the SIT appointed by known anti-Modi judges of the SC like Aftab Alam and Arijit Pasayat admitted 827 preventive arrests.

7)  The Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the Gujarat Government urged Hindus not to retaliate and maintain peace.

Narendra Modi talked to TV channels in Godhra on 27 Feb evening and urged people to maintain peace and not retaliate. NARENDRA MODI HIMSELF MADE AN APPEAL TO THE PEOPLE TO MAINTAIN PEACE IN AN APPEAL BROADCAST ON NATIONAL TV (DOORDARSHAN) ON 28 FEBRUARY AFTERNOON.

8)  The RSS and VHP also appealed to Hindus to maintain peace and not retaliate. The RSS appeal was reported by The Telegraph, The Hindu along with weekly Organiser in its issue of 10 March 2002 covering events till 27 Feb (See detailed RSS statement later in Myth 14 and Chapter 2). The VHPs appeals were reported by The Times of India. Gujarat VHP leaders urged ‘Every Hindu to stay indoors the next day i.e. 28 Feb’ while VHP Senior Vice-President Acharya Giriraj Kishore said ‘Hindus should maintain calm and keep patience’.

9) CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) units were also deployed as reported by PTI.

10) The Centre sounded a nationwide alert in the evening as reported by The Indian Express the next day i.e. 28 Feb.

The Daily Breeze, a US newspaper, reported on 28 February:

Fearing the attack (Godhra train roasting) would ignite sectarian riots, Indian officials immediately stepped up security across this vast, religiously divided nation. The prime minister urged Hindus not to retaliate.”

One link:,2011702

Even Xinhua news agency also reported this online on 27 February 2002- that Vajpayee appeals for peace.

These were the steps taken by the Gujarat Government on February 27 itself to quell the violence- or prevent the violence. But on February 28, large –scale riots happened. That was due to the extreme anger of the masses over Godhra, the reaction from the media and politicians on it, and great anger over terrorism and anti-national activity.

On February 28 (Thursday)

Now-the government faced genuine difficulties in controlling the anger of the masses in view of the limited police force. India Today dated 18 March 2002 reported:

Ahmedabad has a police force of 6,000, including 1,500 armed personnel. In addition, the entire state has just four companies (530 jawans) of the Rapid Action Force (RAF) of which only one company could be spared for Ahmedabad. Considering that the mobs that simultaneously surfaced at nearly half a dozen places (on 28 Feb) numbered from 2,000 to 10,000, the forces proved woefully inadequate. At one point on February 28 there were at least 25,000 people targeting the Muslim localities in Ahmedabad alone...

Last Thursday (i.e. Feb 28), the Ahmedabad police received at least 3,500 calls for help from fear-stricken residents, mostly Muslims, against the normal average of 200. The fire brigade which has the capacity to handle 100 fire calls received 400 calls on February 28. Says Ahmedabad Police Commissioner P.C. Pande: “In my 32-year career I have never seen something like this. It was an upsurge, unstoppable and unprecedented. A stage came when it became physically impossible for the police to tackle mobs running into thousands.

The Hindu also reported the next day that mob fury reached its crescendo on 28 February 2002. The Times of India reported on 2nd March 2002- “Neither the Army nor the shoot-at-sight orders given to the Gujarat police could control the mob frenzy in Ahmedabad on Friday (1st March 2002) as the city witnessed a total collapse of the law and order machinery for the second straight day taking a heavy toll of human lives…”

And this was on 1st March- when the violence was much less as compared to 28 February. If even the Army and shoot-at-sight orders couldn’t control violence when it was much less, what must have been the situation on 28 February- when the Army was not present during the day and the violence was far more?

But the state government dealt with the situation firmly, harshly and effectively.

In brief, the steps taken on 28 February were:

1) The riots began in Ahmedabad at 11 AM. India Today dated 18 March 2002 reported that the Chief Minister Narendra Modi informally contacted the Central Government to send Army at 12 noon – i.e. within 1 hour in an article titled ‘Chronology of a Crisis’. Curfew was imposed by 12:20 at noon at all places and at some places right since morning, even before the riots began from the reports of The Times of India of 28 Feb.

2) As per the report of The Hindu the next day- Narendra Modi “frantically” called the Army units to Gujarat on 28 February.

3) Narendra Modi requested the Union Defence Minister George Fernandes to come to Gujarat as reported by The Indian Express & Times of India the next day as well as India Today.

4) Curfew was imposed in 26 towns and cities in Gujarat as reported by all English dailies the next day and weeklies Outlook and India Today both in their issues dated 11 March covering events till 28 February.

5)  There were around 250 people in the housing complex of Ehsan Jafri and the mob killed 69, with the police saving about 200 Muslims despite being overwhelmingly outnumbered by the mob, which was 10,000 strong and the crowd going mad by Jafri’s firing. Police shot dead 5 Hindus outside his house as reported by India Today dated 18 March 2002 and Times of India online of 28 February. The Times’ report at that time said 6 were injured of whom at least 3 were critical and 5 died ultimately.

6)  The police fired at least 1,000 rounds (Exact number 1496) in the state including at least 600 in Ahmedabad. These are the official statistics.

7)The police shot dead 10 Hindus in Ahmedabad and injured 16. These are official records and can also be seen from the report of The Hindu the next day where it said:

At least 30 others were killed in police firing, stabbing and other incidents in different parts of the city while the casualty in other cities and towns in the State was put at over 50…Till evening, police fired 46 rounds in Ahmedabad, in which at least 10 persons were believed to have been killed.” 

In fact, the BBC reported online on 28 February when the death toll reported by it was a mere 40 for the entire state of Gujarat i.e. when violence was going on-The army has been deployed there (Ahmedabad) to counter Hindu youthsThey included six people who were shot dead by police in Ahmedabad as they tried to restore calm. (Final figure was 10)”


At least 2 were shot dead outside Ahmedabad in Nadiad and Godhra as reported by The Telegraph (Kolkata) the next day.

8) Gujarat Government requested Army deployment within 1 hour. At 4 PM- a press conference was held- in which this decision was publicly announced. All procedures needed for this were done very quickly- Cabinet meeting of Central Government was held at 6:45 PM, it approved Army deployment and Army units reached Ahmedabad after midnight from India Today‘s article Chronology of a Crisis as well as The Indian Express’ report online of 28 Feb.

9)  The Army units reached Ahmedabad so quickly that newspapers like The Hindu, The Indian Express had time to report their arrival on 28 February 2002 (Thursday) itself and publish it on 1st March 2002 (Friday)!

10)  Defence Minister George Fernandes reached Ahmedabad so quickly that newspapers like The Indian Express reported his arrival the next day!

11) Police escorted 400 Muslims to safe areas and gave them accomodation in Naroda Patiya after dispersing the mob in Naroda Patiya as reported by The Times of India. Total of 95 people were killed- at least 900 Muslims were saved, since The Times of India reports that 1,000 Muslims lived in the attacked area in Naroda Patiya.

12) The Gujarat Government requested neighbouring states to send additional police force. All these states were ruled by the Congress. Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan did not send. Only Maharashtra sent a mere 260 personnel.

13)700 people were arrested by the police in the state, including around 80 in Godhra on the very first day of the violence when situation was out of control as reported by The Tribune the next day. The official statistics show that 4297 tear gas shells were also burst, i.e. nearly 4300 tear gas shells burst in the whole state.

Nowhere was it alleged that the police deliberately turned a blind eye to the rioting. No mention of police being involved in the violence or giving a free hand to the rioters. No mention of any delay in calling the Army. These charges of “Police turning a blind eye, allowing killings for 3 days, not calling Army until 3 days had passed…etc” were made after the riots. If these charges were true- the newspapers would have screamed and gone downtown on the very next day. Nothing like this happened. And of course- no charge that the riots were being ‘sponsored’ by the Gujarat Government!

On March 1 (Friday)

The Hindu reported on 2nd March 2002-“ (On 1st March)The Army began flag marches in the worst-affected areas of Ahmedabad, Baroda, Rajkot and Godhra cities and the `shoot at sight’ order was extended to all 34 curfew-bound cities and towns in Gujarat”.

On this day- the violence was much less as compared to 28 February (Thursday). And also the Muslims started a backlash on this day, according to The Hindu dated 2nd March 2002 which reported “But unlike Thursday (Feb 28) when one community was entirely at the receiving end, the minority backlash (On Friday, 1 March) caused further worsening of the situation.”

The steps taken were:

1) On morning of 1st March, George Fernandes bravely took to streets to check violence in Ahmedabad, at a great risk to personal life. He was pummeled with stones. Later he left for Vadodara as reported by The Times of India which praised him, but not Modi who called him in the first place.

2) 24 Hindus were shot dead by police and 40 injured-these are official records. The Indian Express reported on 2nd March-“The police, its credibility lowest than ever, tried to salvage its reputation intervening in some clashes by opening fire. Twenty were killed in police firing across the state, 12 in Ahmedabad.”

There are two things to be noted from this very vital statement. First- the police did their best to control the violence and could not be accused by anyone, even The Indian Express of negligence from this day onward- the second day of the riots i.e. 1st March 2002. And second, there were “clashes” going on between Hindus and Muslims- not one sided massacres of Muslims.

The Indian Express reported on 2nd  March, 2002: “(On 1st  March) Tension escalated in the walled city areas just before the Friday prayers. There were violent clashes between mobs in Jamalpur, Bapunagar and Rakhial.” Clearly, Muslims were on the offensive. And The Times of India also reported the same day: “There were signs of retaliation in areas like Juhapura, Kalupur, Dariapur and Shahpur….”  This clears all possible doubts.

The slight difference in the number of people killed in police firing as per official records and this report is because many injured were alive when The Indian Express wrote this, and died later, so the number of killed in police firing increased. And also, The Indian Express could have deliberately kept the number of people killed lower than the true figure due to its horrible anti-Narendra Modi and anti-BJP bias.

3) The Army staged flag marches in Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat and Rajkot’s worst affected areas as reported by The Hindu the next day.

The website reports:

The next brigade of the Army was also deployed in Rajkot and Vadodara on 1 March 2002 itself. Three columns allotted to Godhra reached in Godhra, Lunawada and Halol on the early morning of 2 March 2002.

Thereafter the Army has been shifted in Surat and Bhavnagar as and when the situation warranted such a shift.”


4) Shoot-at-sight orders were extended to all 34 curfew-bound cities and towns in the state.

5) 2500 (Two thousand five hundred) Muslims were saved in Sanjeli, a town in North Gujarat from a crowd of 8000 armed tribals by the police as reported by India Today dated 22 April 2002.

Official records show that people were also saved at other places- date not known to this writer. There are many other instances as well. Some of them are:

a) 5000 people from the Noorani Mosque area were saved by Ahmedabad Police

b) 240 people were saved at Sardarpura of Mehsana district and shifted to safer places

c) 450 were saved in Pore and Nardipur villages of Gandhinagar district and shifted to safer places

d) 400 were saved in a Madrasa at Bhavnagar

e) 1,500 were saved at Fatehpura village of Vadodara district

f) 3,000 people were saved and shifted from Kwan village of Vadodara district

On March 2 (Saturday)

2nd March 2002 was Saturday. On this day also Muslims were aggressive. Ahmedabad was almost completely peaceful on this day, with major violence occurring in other parts of Gujarat. The police brought the situation under control there and fired on pitched battles between Hindus and Muslims. The Tribune reported on 3rd March 2002 that:

“Ahmedabad, the worst hit by the communal flare-up in the wake of Godhra train killings, was virtually back to normal…”

That is, the Gujarat Government managed to control riots in the state in 3 days after Godhra, and in only 2 days in a communally ultra-sensitive place like Ahmedabad! Reports of The Hindu and The Telegraph of 3rd March 2002 also prove that Ahmedabad was virtually back to normal on 2nd March 2002 itself.

Thus, in brief, the steps taken on 2nd March 2002 were:

1) The police fired more than 1031 rounds and burst 1614 tear gas shells.More than this, because this was the figure till the evening after which more were fired.

2) As per the report of The Hindu- at least 47 people were shot dead by the police in Gujarat- 19 in Ahmedabad, 8 in Godhra, 6 in Vadodara, 5 in Anand, 3 each in Mehsana and Gandhinagar, 2 in Kaira and 1 in Bhavnagar.

As per The Indian Express the next day, 77 people were killed in either police or Army firing.

3) Curfew was imposed in 40 places in Gujarat as per The Hindu.

4) Border Security Force units were dispatched to Surat as reported by The Hindu.

5) 2000 Muslims (Two thousand) were saved in Dahod by the Police.

The efforts of Narendra Modi to control the violence can be clearly seen from India Today weekly dated 18 March 2002 in an article titled “Chronology of a Crisis”.

FEB 27, 2002

8.03 AM: Incident at Godhra claims lives of 57 kar sevaks

8.30 AM: Modi is informed of the carnage. (This could be 9 AM).

4.30PM: Gujarat Assembly adjourned and Modi visits Godhra where he holds a meeting, giving shoot-at-sight orders to the police.

10.30PM:CM holds meeting with senior government officials at Gandhinagar; orderscurfew in sensitive places and pre-emptive arrests.

FEB 28, 2002

8.00 AM: Special control room set up in CM’s house to monitor the situation during VHP bandh.

12.00 PM:Modi informally contacts Centre for calling in army. Cabinet Secretary T.R. Prasad tells Defence Secretary Y. Narain that army is to be mobilised.

12.30PM: Vice-Chief of Army Staff Lt-General N.C. Vij tells Narain that only twocolumns are available as the rest are deployed on the border.

12.35 PM: Prasad directs Narain to advise Chief of Army Staff Gen Padmanabhan to have troops ready due to the rapidly deteriorating situation in Ahmedabad.

12.45PM: Narain tells Vij to arrange immediate movement of troops to Gujarat.

4.00PM:Modi requests army deployment following consultations with Advani.

6.45PM: Cabinet Committee on Security meets under the prime minister’s chairmanship;approves the immediate movement of troops to Ahmedabad and other parts of Gujarat. Vajpayee deputes Fernandes to supervise the deployment of troops.

7.00PM:The Gujarat Government’s formal request for army deployment is received in Delhi.

11.30 PM: Airlifting of troops begins.

MARCH 1, 2002

2.30 AM: A brigade reaches Ahmedabad. The 54th Division’s General Officer Commanding contacts acting Chief Secretary.

9.00AM: Discussions between representatives of the army and the state take place, followed by troop flag march in Ahmedabad.”

Reports from the biased English media also proved that the real riots had stopped in the first three days. Not just that, the media knew it fully well. The following report from The Hindu dated 4th March 2002 will make it clear:

AHMEDABAD, MARCH 3. The orgy of violence in Gujarat appears to have ended. Today only two deaths were reported, one from Godhra. Officially the death roll is 431, more than half of them in Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad was quiet, apart from two major arson attacks on a Muslim-owned petrol station and warehouse.

Curfew has been lifted in most areas of the 40 towns and cities where clashes were reported, including Naroda and Meghnaninagar (i.e. Gulmarg Society case) in Ahmedabad, where hundreds were killed. The state administration says that curfew will be relaxed in more areas tomorrow. There was a `sense of normality in the State’ today.

But, the smouldering remains of burnt-out buildings and the acrid smell of burning rubber, five days after the violence began, are a reminder that `normality’ in Ahmedabad is a very long way off.


This newspaper report clearly proves that the government claim of controlling the riots in 72 hours was absolutely true.

   After 3rd March 2002, the riots were mostly all instigated and started by the Muslims and they were limited only to Ahmedabad, Vadodara and some places near Godhra in Panchmahal district.

  Like in Sanjeli where 2,500 Muslims were saved, 5,000 Muslims were also saved in Bodeli, a town in Vadodara district, from a crowd of over 7,000. The following is another report quoted from India Today dated 8 April 2002:

When a Muslim woman was burnt alive by Hindu zealots, (in Viramgam, not far from Ahmedabad) the minorities, who constitute almost 30 % of the 70,000-odd population went on the rampage. Soon, nearly 15,000 Hindus from nearby villages encircled Viramgam and targeted the Muslim localities in the town. It took some deft handling by the police and the Army to save the day.”

And in the 22 April issue India Today said-

“…Take Sanjeli. In the carnage that ensued after the February 27 Godhra killings, 8,000 armed tribals descended on the town of 8,000 in the tribal heartland of Dahod district. Bows, stones and gunshots rained on the fleeing Muslims, killing 15. Police intervention meant another 2,500 were spared a savage death … In an identical display of insanity, around 7,000 armed tribals marched into Bodeli town in Chotte-Udepur tribal area of Vadodara district intent on massacring the Muslims who had taken shelter there after being driven out of the neighbouring villages. While hundreds were saved by the police, Vadodara District Collector Bhagyesh Jha and other senior officers were fired upon by tribals as they tried to rescue the trapped Muslims.

Tragedy was also averted by the police and army at Viramgam town near Ahmedabad where over 15,000 Hindus, mostly armed OBC Thakores, burnt 250 Muslim houses…”

That is to say, the Gujarat police and the Indian Army together saved thousands of Muslims, of the 21,000-odd of the town. If we assume that there was no police or Army presence, 10,000 Muslims of the town may have been killed. On the basis of records available to this writer, we can conclusively say that the Gujarat Police saved at least 17,500 Muslims in Gujarat. As a matter of fact, many sources have told this writer that the Gujarat Police saved 24,000 Muslims in the state in the first three days alone. They may well be quite correct, since we already have on record 7,500 Muslims saved in Sanjeli and Bodeli in the first three days.

The website seems to be an official site of the Indian Embassy in USA. It says-

“In Mora village of Panchmahal district, SDM, Mamlatdar and police rushed to the spot where the crowd was gathered, dispersed the crowd and saved the lives of 400 people by shifting them to a safe place.

On receipt of information on 3rd March 2002 a madarsa in Asoj, in Vagodia, Vadodara district was likely to be attacked, nearly 40 persons including 22 children were evacuated to a safe place.

On the night of 2/3 March 2002, in Dahod, the police escorted over 2000 persons belonging to minority community to a safe place, rescuing them from the mob that had gathered from surrounding 28 villages.

In Surat city, protection was provided to about 60 persons and mosque in Nana Varacha area.On receipt of information that some women and children were trapped in a mosque, Surat police escorted them to a safe place.

On receipt of information that 100 persons were trapped near Rita society opposite Yateem Khana Jain Mandir, the police immediately rushed there and dispersed the mob, but found no persons trapped inside. Surat police immediately provided protection requested for by 12-15 houses of Muslims near Khoja Masjid.

See link:

   The riots were brought under control in 72 hours. Police records and figures given by the Union Home Ministry as well as figures given by The Times of India dated 7th March 2002 reveal that as many as 98 people were killed in the first three days in police firing. We have already looked at the reports The Indian Express and The Hindu to know that the figure of 98 people being shot dead in the first 3 days is indeed true. This was a record of sorts. Never before were so many people shot dead in police firing for rioting in so few days in the entire history of communal riots in India, and certainly not in Gujarat, which saw far worse riots in 1969 and 1985.

In the entire state of Gujarat, there are 18,600 villages, 240 municipal towns and 25 district headquarters. In the entire state, riots occurred in no more than 70 places. If you include the two big cities of Ahmedabad and Vadodara, by the maximum stretch of imagination, it can be said that 2 % of the state was affected by riots, or was in flames.

The Times of India in a report dated 28 April 2002 reported that “Of the total substantive arrests made by the police, 9,954 are Hindus and 4,035 Muslims. However, in the preventive arrests column, the statistics show that the number of Hindus arrested is much higher — 17,947 as against 3,616 Muslims.”

To quell the violence:

1-Not only did the Gujarat government call the Army as early as possible but also declared this decision publicly on February 28th evening.

2-The Gujarat police arrested nearly 25,204 out of the 25, 486 accused.

 3-More than 17,000 of the 25,000 arrested were Hindus.

4-Police fired over 10,500 rounds of bullets-including around 4,000 in the first 3 days, though Army was present for 73 out of 74 days.

5-Police fired over 15,000 tear gas shells.

6-98 people were killed in police firing in the first 3 days- and 170 for the entire period of the riots.

7-The police arrested 35,552 people as on 28 April 2002 out of whom 27,901 were Hindus. About 20,000 were preventive arrests.

Far from the BJP being in any way involved in the riots, rivals of the then Chief Minister of Gujarat instigated riots in the state after 21stApril 2002 so as to target Narendra Modi in their Modi-hatao campaign. The Rajya Sabha debated on Gujarat on 6 May 2002. The NDA allies’ votes were also going to count. To get NDA allies to vote against the Modi government, the Opposition wanted to keep the riots going on in Gujarat. It also hoped for a collapse of the NDA, with allies quitting coalition because of the riots.

   Riots in the first three days were all the result of Godhra. But Godhra itself was the brain of local Muslim Congress leaders. The Indian Express of 5 March 2002 reported on Godhra that Congress leaders are accused in Godhra:

1- Mehmud Hussain Kalota, convenor of the Congress district minority cell and president of the Godhra municipality.

2-Salim Abdul Ghaffar Sheikh, president of the Panchmahal Youth Congress.

3-Abdul Rehman Abdul Majid Ghantia, a known Congress worker.

4-Faroukh Bhana, secretary of the district Congress committee.

5- Haji Bilal, a known Congress worker.

   When 31 people were convicted for the Godhra carnage, one Congressman was given life imprisonment and one was given death penalty out of the above five, while Faroukh Bhana was absconding, and convicted later after being caught. Abdul Rehman Abdul Majid Ghantia got life imprisonment and Haji Bilal got death penalty—two out of these five. The Gujarat High Court also upheld their conviction, but gave all of them life imprisonment reducing the death penalty to one of them on 9 October 2017.

Nos 2 and 3 in this list are the above-mentioned Congress people. Later when 2 more Muslims were convicted in August 2018, Faroukh Bhana, who had been been absconding since 2002 was also convicted.

   The following was the report of NDTV dated 3rd March, 2002:

    “Sunday, March 3, 2002 (Godhra)

   The prime suspect in the Godhra train carnage case, Mohammad Hussain Kolota, local Congress leader and president  of Godhra Municipality, was today arrested, bringing the total number of arrests in connection with the attack to 27. Kolota, convener of city Congress minority cell, was picked up by personnel of the anti-dacoity squad of the city police from the residence of one Iqbal in Polan Bazar area during a combing operation at about 4 a.m. (IST), Inspector General of Police, Deepak Swaroop said. Kolota, 45, has been evading arrest since the attack on the Sabarmati Express last Wednesday, in which 58 people were killed.

   Police have already arrested two municipal  councillors  and were looking  for another two—Bilal  Haji and Farookh Bhana—in connection  with  the mayhem that led to widespread  communal violence in several parts of Gujarat, claiming more than 300 lives.

   Kolota, who practised law in the town, reportedly joined Congress six years back, informed sources said in Godhra. Others arrested from different places were identified as Siraj Jamsa, Zabir Kala, Abdul Sheikh and Abdul Rauf Yayman…Earlier, police had arrested 22, including two councillors—Salim Shaikh and Abdul Rahim Dantia. Both the councillors had contested the polls on independent symbols (PTI).” Even NDTV reported this PTI News.

On 28 Aug 2018, 2 more were convicted and given life term for Godhra. With the verdict, total 33 have been convicted. 8 more accused are absconding. Faroukh Bhana was absonding, but caught later, and has been convicted and given life imprisonment on 28 August 2018, and he was Congress’s District secretary.

The Indian Express reported on 28 August 2018:

“A special trial court here on Monday sentenced two more accused — Farukh Bhana and Imran alias Sheru Batuk — to life imprisonment in the 2002 Sabarmati Express train burning case at Godhra railway station that led to communal riots in Gujarat.

Special judge H C Vora acquitted three others — Hussain Suleman Mohan, Kasam Bhamedi and Faruk Dhantiya. They were among the six arrested by different agencies between 2015 and 2016. Another accused, Sabir Abdul Gani Pataliya, had died during pendency of the trial.

Among the two convicted on Monday, Farukh Bhana, in his 50s, was the sitting corporator of Polan-Bazar area of Godhra municipality in February 2002 when the train was set on fire, killing 59 people, and was on the run since then. It was alleged that on the night of February 26, 2002, Bhana and other accused held a meeting at Aman Guest House near the Godhra railway station as part of their conspiracy to set ablaze the S6 coach of the Sabarmati Express. He was arrested by Gujarat Anti-Terrorist Squad in May 2016 from a toll plaza in Panchmahals where he had come to meet his family members.

Sheru Batuk, who has also been sentenced to life imprisonment, was convicted of conspiracy and being part of the mob. He was arrested by Ahmedabad Detection of Crime Branch in 2016 from Malegaon in Maharashtra.

Special Additional Public Prosecutor N N Prajapati said, “While Bhana was the mastermind of the attack, Batuk was actually leading the mob…”

On March 1, 2011, the special SIT court had convicted 31 people, out of whom 11 were given death sentence and 20 were sentenced to life imprisonment.

In October last year, the Gujarat High Court commuted the death sentence awarded to 11 convicts to life term. All 31 convicts have moved the Supreme Court challenging the High Court’s order.”

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96 Responses to “Myth 8: The Gujarat government was involved in the riots”

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  1. 40
    Chand Usman - the ex-muslim INDIA Says:


    Ha ha!!

    Your mature and fake comments doesn’t lies ,true….
    The secularist ideology has made you blind …..

    It has snatched the capacity of balanced thinking from you …..

    This secularism will hold your neck oneday like the way it is holding the neck of Indian congress (because Muslims are asking for more seats in turn of their vote )…..

    You hate RSS/BJP/BAJARANG DAL because








    JAI HIND!!

  2. 39
    Deepak UNITED STATES Says:

    Why will I gate HINDUSTAN…I respect what my country stands for, but YESS I am probably the biggest and worst HATER od RSS/VHP/BAJRANG DAL and so on, who self pproclaim themselves to be representatives of hinduism.

    You stupid freak, who are you to tell me to leave India?? RSS merely has 2% population supporting them, most of them idiots, illetrates, village people with no education and no future…

    You were one of them , and then VHP leader Tagodia sent you to US to bark for their party.

    You have no right to tell nayone what to do, sooner or later RSS mentality will be kicled out of India…and we can see that effect already..

    you cowards are so scared of truth, YOU BAN MOVIES LIKES PARZANIA in gujarat, YOU DENIED VISA to US COMMISSSION, because you were scared of truth coming out.

    You loosers, your only existence is based on religious exploitation of poor and helpless people, the day India will come out of this web, you cowards will run butt up on streets…YOU GUYS ARE REAL COWARDS TO COME IN THOUSANDS and kill innocent men, women and babies, rape young kids…yea THIS IS HOW YOU RE MAKING SRI RAM HAPPY…

  3. 38
    Devdatt UNITED STATES Says:

    Every thing because of the corrupted Politician and burocrats.
    There must be a special law for them.
    Who are involved in coruption should be punished for 20 years jail or hang.

  4. 37
    Vivek UNITED STATES Says:

    We Hindus don’t want any certificate from psuedo secularist like Mr.Deepak.i want to give one advice to you Deepak that if you really hate HINDUSTAN and RSS,then why are you remain our religion.go,go change your religion.

  5. 36


    It is generally believed that the Congress cadres were behind this genocide. This is true but there were other forces too which actively participated in this massacre and whose role has never been investigated. Those who were witness to the genocide of 1984 were stunned by the swiftness and military precision of the killer marauding gangs (later on witnessed during the Babri mosque demolition, burning alive of Dr. Graham Steins with his two sons and recent pogrom of the Muslims in Gujarat) who went on a burning spree of the innocent Sikhs. This was beyond the capacity of the Congress thugs.

    I have an important RSS document which may throw some light on the unhidden aspects of the genocide. It was authored and circulated by a veteran ideologue of the RSS, Nana Deshmukh on November 8, 1984. Interestingly, this document was published in the Hindi Weekly Pratipaksh edited by George Fernandes (Defence Minister of India 1999-2004, and presently a great pal of the RSS) in its edition of November 25, 1984 titled ‘Indira Congress-RSS collusion’ with the following editorial comment:

    “The author of the following document is known as an ideologue and policy formulator of the RSS. After the killing of Prime Minister (Indira Gandhi) he distributed this document among prominent politicians. It has a historical significance that is why we have decided to publish it, violating policy of our Weekly. This document highlights the new affinities developing between the Indira Congress and the RSS. We produce here the Hindi translation of the document.”

    This document may help in unmasking the whole lot of criminals involved in the massacre of innocent Sikhs who had nothing to do with the killing of Indira Gandhi. This document may also throw light on where the cadres came from, who meticulously organized the killing of Sikhs. Nana Deshmukh in this document is seen outlining the justification of the massacre of the Sikh community in 1984. According to him the massacre of Sikhs was not the handiwork of any group or anti-social elements but the result of a genuine feeling of anger among Hindus of India.

    This document also shows the true degenerated and fascist attitude of the RSS towards all the minorities of India . The RSS has been arguing that they are against Muslims and Christians because they are the followers of foreign religions. Here we find them justifying the butchering of Sikhs who according to their own categorization happened to be the followers of an indigenous religion.

    The RSS often poses as a firm believer in Hindu-Sikh unity. But in this document we will hear from the horse’s mouth that the RSS like the then Congress leadership, believed that the massacre of the innocent Sikhs was justified. Nana Deshmukh in this document is seen outlining the justification of the massacre of the Sikh community in 1984. His defence of the carnage can be summed up as in the following.

    1. The massacre of Sikhs was not the handiwork of any group or anti-social elements but the result of a genuine feeling of anger among Hindus of India.

    2. Deshmukh did not distinguish the action of the two security personnel of Mrs. Indira Gandhi, who happened to be Sikhs, from that of the whole Sikh community. From his document it emerges that the killers of Indira Gandhi were working under some kind of mandate of their community. Hence attacks on Sikhs were justified.

    3. Sikhs themselves invited these attacks, thus advancing the Congress theory of justifying the massacre of the Sikhs.

    4. He glorified the ‘Operation Blue Star’ and described any opposition to it as anti-national. When Sikhs were being killed in thousands he was warning the country of Sikh extremism, thus offering ideological defense of those killings.

    5. It was Sikh community as a whole which was responsible for violence in Punjab .

    6. Sikhs should have done nothing in self-defence but showed patience and tolerance against the killer mobs.

    7. These were Sikh intellectuals and not killer mobs which were responsible for the massacre. They had turned Sikhs into a militant community, cutting them off from their Hindu roots, thus inviting attacks from the nationalist Indians. Interestingly, Deshmukh would not mind having militant Hindus. Moreover, he treated all Sikhs as part of the same gang and defended attacks on them as a reaction of the nationalist Hindus.

    8. He described Indira Gandhi as the only leader who could keep the country united and on the killing of such a great leader such killings could not be avoided.

    9. Rajiv Gandhi who succeeded Mrs. Gandhi as the Prime Minister of India and justified the nation- wide killings of Sikhs by saying, “When a huge tree falls there are always tremors felt”, was lauded and blessed by Nana Deshmukh at the end of the document.

    10. Shockingly, the massacre of Sikhs was being equated with the attacks on the RSS cadres after the killing of Gandhiji and we find Deshmukh advising Sikhs to suffer silently. Everybody knows that the killing of Gandhiji was inspired by the RSS and the Hindutva Ideology whereas the common innocent Sikhs had nothing to do with the murder of Mrs. Indira Gandhi.

    11. There was not a single sentence in the Deshmukh document demanding, from the then Congress Government at the Centre, remedial measures for controlling the violence against the minority community. Mind this, that Deshmukh circulated this document on November 8, 1984, and from October 31 to this date Sikhs were left alone to face the killing gangs. In fact November 5-10 was the period when the maximum killings of Sikhs took place. Deshmukh was just not bothered about all this.
    Deshmukh document did not happen in isolation. It represented the real RSS attitude towards Sikh genocide of 1984. The RSS is very fond of circulating publicity material, especially photographs of its khaki shorts- clad cadres doing social work. For the 1984 violence they have none. In fact, Deshmukh’s article also made no mention of the RSS cadres going to the rescue of Sikhs under siege. This shows up the real intentions of the RSS during the genocide.

    There is not a single sentence in the Deshmukh document demanding, from the then Congress Government at the Centre, remedial measures for controlling the violence against the minority community. Importantly, Deshmukh circulated this document on November 8, 1984, and from October 31 to this date Sikhs were left alone to face the killing gangs. George Fernandes while making this document public in 1984 wrote that it showed ‘Indira Congress-RSS collusion’. Nanavati Commission must investigate whether this collusion was confined to political sphere or went beyond to killing fields.


  6. 35

    You uneducated disgraced soul, you should know RSS ideologists wrote a secret letter to then PM Rajiv Gandhi after 1984 riots in which he clearly wrote out that 1984 riots were justified and that sikhs deserved to suffer at the hands of hindu mobs. If you do not know about this fact, go do some history search instead of copying and pasting info about RSS to me …

    Those letters clearly said that, RSS was in favor of teaching sikhs a lesson. They wanted sikhs not to retaliate and just be mute spectators to what happened to them, also RSS sister organization Bajrang Dal came into existence only to tackle sikh extremism in those years, and now it takes pride in killing all minorities including Christians…

    You are talking about if RSS would exist if it was doing what I am saying? tell me how many cultural shows are presented on TV to demonstrate good work of RSS?? tell me any national award in recent history being awarded to any RSS member or anything related to them…TELL ME HOW MANY HINDUS ACTUALLY DO SUPPORT RSS AND THEIR CAUSE??

    MOST HINDUS SAY VHP/RSS ARE EXTREMIST ORGANIZATIONS… you keep saying somehow “their false image” , I mean i don’t understand even the english media wants a false image of them?/ its like saying, a TALIBAN supporter comes in support of Osama and says its the world who portrays OSAMA as criminal and terrorist, but in fact he is a very moral person, because i follow him, similarly because u follow RSS, you believe they re on the right side, and the whole god damn world is just lying!!!

  7. 34
    Arun UNITED STATES Says:

    Mr. Deepak,

    RSS funds its organisational activities and part of the service activities through the “Arpana” during Gurupooja celebrations. I remember about a case in court whether this income should be taxed or not and as i remeber now the verdict was that RSS need not pay tax for this amount. ( I assure you that i am not aware whether there is any further contentions or appeals on this case). This Gurupooja celebrations is ONLY for swayamsevaks and their family and friends. In my life time i have not seen any one other than swayamsevak (at least a one day SS) contributing to this.

    Service activities do receive funds from abroad, but the sources are limited. Most of the time those funds were not enough even to finish a state’s requirements. The service activities do take donations from any one and every one and they are exempted from tax under 80G.

    It should be noted that other than the above case i mentioned, in the 75 years of existance there is not a single scam (financial) came out of RSS.

    Like any other organization, some times activitis do beg for funds, and they are not feeling bad a bit for that seeing their money being used for the right purpose. I believe beging is a better option rather than squeesing it out from a prospective donor. Please rememebr how church squeeses out taxes in Austria/germany and many other EU nations and also remember the latest news about Jizya in pakistan for the sikhs. RSS has never been convicted for any illegal means of fund rising, even after a whole set of so called secularits who handled power for more than 50years tried all the time.

    RSS doesn’ make bomb or has a bomb factory. I have the same argument to say that it is never prooved that RSS did make bomb, or distributed palmphlets targetting minorities during riots. What do you think RSS will be alive the way it is if they are found doign it?

    But many sikhs (including Khiswant singh) do remember how RSS helped and saved many sikhs during the 1980 riots, many minorities of Gujrat earthquake, many victims of the tsunani, bihar floods etc do remember RSS for its wokr during their crisis time.

    The so called evil face of RSS is because of the biased journalism, biased education and secularists of India. It should be noted that when RSS started the pres, the media were all under british control, barring the very few ones run by Tilak and many swadeshi proponents. The sangh work continued without the help of the media. But after independance sangh failed to realise the potential of the press and media and continued to ignore it and so the negative publicity too continued. But it has realised it and is working to fill the gaps.


  8. 33

    RSS is not concerned about what is happening in US?? RSS/VHP and their followers are all beggars eating out US dollars in name of doing development work in India, if they are really not bothered about what happens in US, then stop begging in front of NRIs to donate money to their organizations, and try to do something without money got for free… ON one hand these terrorist organizations are getting money from UK and US, and then their internet face like Arun are telling me they have nothing to do with US?? what a pathetic joke really…so you know how much funding RSS gets from UK annually?? if that was not possible, these poor, uneducated religious beggars would not be able to purchase talwars, trishuls and bombs in large quantities and distribute them to people before a major religious riots…







  9. 32
    Arun UNITED STATES Says:

    Mr. Deepak,

    US removed Mr. Nelson mandela’s name from the terrorist list recently only.
    RSS is not concerned about what is happening in US, RSS work in india and in India it is not a terrorist organization.

    There were incidents of banning RSS.

    1) When Gandhiji was killed. The the subsequent invetigations and court case prooved it to be false allegation and the Ban was removed.

    2) Ban while Emergency. This was a clear case of conspiracy, and RSS played a major role in fighting against emergency. Thoursands or RSS workers staged arrest and sathyagraha, and ultimately the ban and emergency was removed.

    3) After Babri masjid: Here too no proove and the Ban was revoked.


  10. 31

    Thanks for mentioning RSS created and promoted websites to elaborate on their good work, please kindly try explaining why RSS is on on the US list of terror outfits operating from India?? damn that must be a touch one to explain…I have mentioned in my earlier post on how Virginia Based Research institute who has close connections with US administration has put RSS on the terror outfit list…well I dun but a welfare organization being branded as terror outfit…

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